written by | April 28, 2022

Differences Between Recruitment and Selection

While trying to find competent candidates, you may have come across recruitment and selection. These terms are frequently used throughout the recruitment process and interchanged. 

So, what is recruitment? What is selection? What are the differences between them? Although you can employ these two concepts to attain the same end goal for your company, locating and bringing in exceptionally qualified people, they are often defined in distinct ways. The cycles involved in each process are another difference between recruitment and selection.

To discover more about the differences between recruitment and selection, keep reading. Understanding the distinctions between recruiting and selection will dramatically improve your recruitment interaction.

Did you know?

Recruitment is a positive interaction that draws in more work searchers to apply, while selection is a negative cycle, dismissing ill-suited up-and-comers from the rundown. It is the major difference between recruitment and selection.

What Are Recruitment and Selection?

A company's work methodology incorporates both recruitment and selection. These procedures are required to ensure that your organisation hires the best candidates.

The first phrase, recruiting, refers to identifying possible applicants and providing them with a chance to work for your company's available position. Most of the time, recruiters get out to job seekers by placing tempting job adverts on numerous job portals.

Although recruiting may appear to be a simple procedure that recruiters may complete in a single day, it entails several duties that they must meet to ensure good recruitment. Here are some things that you need to do:

  • Examine job requirements,
  • Advertise job openings,
  • Attract interested candidates,
  • Take care of candidate applications, and
  • Screen candidate applications.

Also Read: Difference Between Headhunting and Recruitment

The process of selecting a qualified candidate from a group of candidates, on the other hand, is known as selection. Your major purpose is to examine each applicant to see if they possess the skills and competencies required for the job.

Because the selection process necessitates reviewing each applicant in your skill pool, it may take a long time. To guarantee that the person you recruit is truly qualified to fill the open job in your organisation, you must also complete the following processes:

  • Candidate screening,
  • Eliminating non-qualified candidates,
  • Providing pre-employment examinations,
  • Conducting interviews,
  • Checking a person's history and references, and
  • Medical test assessment.

What Are the Different Methods of Recruitment?

Companies utilise various recruitment strategies to attract the top individuals, and these methods are constantly changing. After all, not every profession requires the same skills, and each organisation has its requirements. Employers utilise various hiring strategies to discover the employees they're seeking for. After that, we'll talk about how the methodologies affect the difference between recruitment and selection.

Direct Advertisements

Employee referral programmes are found in almost every firm. It's beneficial because it's both cost-effective and productive. You can trust your employees to recommend qualified individuals.

Furthermore, compared to an outside recruit, the new person will be more knowledgeable about your organisation and will fit in better with the culture.

Boomerang Employees

Boomerang employees are people who worked previously for your company but left on good terms for personal matters. Rehiring someone is valuable because you already know what they're capable of, and the person has worked for you before, and they'll fit in perfectly with the rest of the group. Rehiring prior employees cuts down on time it takes to hire, the cost per hire, and the danger of making a poor hire.

Promotions and Transfers

While promotions and transfers aren't always interchangeable. The concept is the same: you find inside employees to fill openings.

A transfer is a lateral move that rarely results in more money or responsibility.

In contrast, a promotion is advancing up the professional ladder and obtaining a pay boost and new obligations.

Recruitment Services

Recruitment services are ideal for attracting suitable applicants, particularly fresh graduates, for large corporations or huge organisations contemplating extension. Occasions can go from holding hackathons, enlistment drives on colleges, facilitating open days, or setting up a stall at work fairs.

What Are the Different Methods of Selection?

As you could have surmised from the preceding list, recruitment is all about recruiting as many candidates as possible. The only real difference between recruiting and selection is how both processes are carried out. If the recruitment is about putting together a vast talent pool, the selection is about reducing that pool down to only the best candidates.

The following are the various methods of selection used by hiring teams.

Preliminary Interview

A preliminary interview aims to clear out unqualified applicants based on information provided in CVs or resumes. The goal is to eliminate applicants who lack the essential abilities or certifications. Because preliminary interviews are a wonderful approach to developing rapport and practising good public relations, they're also known as courtesy interviews.

Skills Test and Psychometric Testing

Those who pass the preliminary interviews are frequently invited to take examinations. Various types of exams are conducted depending on the role and the firm. Common examples are personality assessments, aptitude tests, integrity tests, and ability exams. These allow the hiring team to assess a candidate's ability to do job-related tasks objectively. It also aids in determining whether the candidate will be a suitable fit for the company's culture.

Employment Interview

The employment interview is the next step in the selection process, which is often a formal and in-depth interaction that establishes an applicant's acceptability. It is thought to be the most effective selecting technique.

Conversely, interviewers may make subjective judgments about candidates, and it's tough to believe anything he says because of this.

On the other hand, checking references requires significant time and effort. It's good to create an organised interview guide with exact grading criteria and predetermined questions. It ensures that you ask each candidate the same questions and be as objective as possible.

Reference and Background Checks

Background checks and references are more than a simple courtesy; they're a good way to collect relevant data that can help you spot top talent and figure out how a candidate would fit into a new role. By reviewing references and background certifications, you may discover more about individuals and their work ethic. This strategy also emphasises the difference between recruiting and selection: the ability to spot red flags during the hiring process.

At the same time, you can hire for a variety of positions. However, you may make it more useful by focusing on questions that disclose more about a candidate's achievements, flaws, and overall performance. Closed questions, such as yes/no questions, should be avoided, and those are rarely of use.

Also Read: Calculating Break-Even Point – Analysis, Definition, and Formula with Examples

Differences Between Recruitment and Selection

Now that you've understood the concepts of recruitment and selection, it's time to go deeper into the differences between recruitment and selection. We've compared the qualities of recruiting and the selection and provided them in this chart to make things easier for you:

Basis for Comparision




Refers to the process of locating and encouraging potential applicants to apply.

An action that entails picking the top candidates from a pool of applications and extending a job offer to them.


Positive: The major purpose is to expand the talent pool's size.

Negative: The goal of development is to restrict people in the talent pool until there is only one qualified candidate left.


Advertise the employment opportunity, captivate people to apply, and construct an ability pool utilising web-based recruitment.

Find the most qualified candidate in the talent pool to fill the vacancies in an organisation.

Key Factor

Job promotion.

Candidate engagement.





Recruitment is a basic process where the hiring team members do not consign themselves to scrutinise candidates. They show that there are openings and urge intrigued work searchers to apply.

In selection, your employing staff should know every detail of the up-and-comers who applied for the opening. It is a substantially more perplexing interaction than recruitment.

Authoritative Relation

Recruitment includes the ad for a firm's open positions, and potential candidates are not bound by any traditional relationship with the hiring firm.

Candidates who were considered qualified for the position will become a part of the hiring organisation. As a result, they will need to contract with their new job.


Economical: Recruiters only need to post job advertisements on job portals, which are often free or cheap.

Costly: Selection includes an intensive screening process that might expect you to burn through cash on pre-business appraisal tests, personal investigations, and other choice tools.


The most common way of distinguishing the requirement for a task, characterising the necessities of the post and the Work holder, promoting the position, and choosing the ideal possibility for the gig is known as recruitment and selection. One of the executives' principal goals is to complete this activity. Any company's success is determined by its employees. If a person is ideal for a position, the company will profit from their unrivalled performance. Recruitment and selection assist in selecting the most qualified candidate for the job. It contributes to an organisation's loss reduction.

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Q: What is the difference between recruitment and selection?


Recruitment is the process of looking for applicants, whereas selection is selecting individuals from a shortlist.

Q: What is the selection strategy?


The selection process can be defined as identifying and shortlisting qualified people with the requisite qualifications and skill set to fill vacancies in a company.

Q: What is the recruitment process?


Steps of the recruitment process

  • Determine the hiring requirement.
  • You won't be able to get what you want unless you know what you're looking for.
  • Make a job description for yourself.
  • Make and complete a recruitment technique.
  • Examine the applications.
  • Interview people.
  • Make an offer after checking references.

Q: What is the recruitment and selection strategy?


An effective recruitment and selection strategy meets the work needs and guarantees that an organisation's commitment to equal opportunity for all employees is upheld.

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