Copper, one of the basic elements in chemistry, is a major metal for industry and is used for manufacturing cables, conductors, plates, sheets, rods, tubes, etc. In its pure form, copper is a reddish-orange metal with high thermal and electrical conductivity properties.
Copper manufacturers in India take part in manufacturing copper by mining and extracting copper ore. Once they extract the metal, they crush it till it turns into a fine powder. After the extraction process, the manufacturers cleanse and concentrate the mineral that copper is extracted from, which is called an ore. It is done to ensure that any impurity is removed from the ore. The removal of impurities gets the powder ready for the removal of sulphur. The final product is achieved after the whole process, which is used to make cables, pipes, etc.
India is very well known for mining, manufacturing or producing copper worldwide. Although pure copper is rare, Copper ores are abundant, making copper very affordable. It is known for being flexible, pliable, and resistant to corrosion.
In the past decade, the production of copper was predicted to grow by 10%, but instead, copper production grew by five times more than expected. This growth brings forth the question of major copper manufacturers in India.
Did you know?
India stands among one of the biggest exporters of copper. Globally, India is included among the top 20 largest producers of copper. Madhya Pradesh contributes the most, around 55%, to the country's total production and manufacturing.
What Are the Top Listed Copper Manufacturing Companies in India?
Hindalco, a subsidiary of the Aditya Birla Group, is one of India's major copper manufacturers and is considered among the most important and largest. The year 2021 was a record-shattering year for the company, with a generated revenue of over ₹4500 crores. Hindalco is also known for having the largest smelter in the world. The company specialises in producing copper cathodes and cast copper rods. To ensure that their customers receive high-quality products and are satisfied with them, they offer various copper facilities and fertilisers. Their products and the company itself is approved by the NABL or National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories and Grade A certified from the London Metal Exchange.
A fully integrated producer of copper, the company also mines bauxite (main ore for aluminium) and coal, smelts aluminium for extrusion, foil and downstream rolls, refines alumina and maintains controlled power facilities. Even though the company works globally, its headquarters are in India.
Hindustan Copper Limited
The corporation of Hindustan Copper Ltd. is under the charge of The Ministry of Mines of Government of India. They are also the first copper-producing company that is vertically integrated, i.e., the company's supply chain is integrated, with factories, mines, and facilities spread throughout different parts of the country. They successfully generated a total of ₹1000-2000 crore for the government. The company specialises in different cables and connection accessories. For example, high voltage copper terminals, copper tubular cable, terminal ends (crimping type). HCL has decided on making copper concentrated products for their principal product shortly, unlike their current refined copper products. The mines and plants of the company are spread out in five different states of Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat, as stated below:
- Indian Copper Complex or ICC in Ghatsila, Jharkhand
- Khetri Copper Complex or KCC in Khetrinagar, Rajasthan
- Malanjkhand Copper Project or MCP in Malanjkhand, Madhya Pradesh
- Taloja Copper Project or TCP in Taloja, Maharashtra
- Gujarat Copper Project or GCP in Jhagadia, Gujarat
Sterlite Copper Industries
Owned by Vedanta Limited, Sterlite Copper Industries was once the owner of the largest smelting plant among all the copper manufacturers in India. The company, situated in Australia, is still working and selling its services and goods in Australia and worldwide. Their goal is to expand their empire and have technology-driven firms join them in the path of improving the lives of millions of people.
The primary products that the company produces are copper cathodes and cast copper rods. Other products that the company produces are phosphoric acid and sulphuric acid. The basic material needed to produce copper rods is copper cathodes. Other uses of copper cathodes are to produce alloys such as bronze, alloy steel, and brass used in construction and defence. The cathodes produced are certified A by the LME and reach all the national requirements.
Bhagyanagar India Limited
Founded by Mr GM Surana, Bhagyanagar India Limited is the oldest copper manufacturer in India being established in 1985. Their earnings have reached upto ₹500 crores, and they've globally been an eminent manufacturer of copper products. But with time, they have broadened their production to telecom equipment, real estate and solar products. The firm has been listed in the National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange.
Their principal goods are sheets, push bars, strips, pipes, rods and busbars.
Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation
This firm was founded in 1963 by the Government of India. Copper, Lignite, etc., are some of the minerals that the corporation mines. They have earned a profit of ₹1700 crores. The firm has owned and operated a refining plant since the 1980s, situated in Ahmedabad.
Some of the items they produce are profiles, strip sheets, earthing tapes, copper rods, busbars and many other products.
Madhav Copper Limited
The firm, a part of the Madhav Group, owns four production facilities that are known for being world-class to cater to their diverse range. Their earnings in profit are ₹4.45 crores.
The various products offered are transformers, generators, panels, pumps and many other products.
ABC Gas International
Formerly named Bracco Extrusions Limited, the company was established in 1980. It is an important manufacturer of copper pipes and pipe gas. The company has reached a revenue of ₹157 crores. Some of the clients that the company has gained are Blue Star, BHEL and Volta.
ABC gas international manufactures products like copper plates, copper pipes, copper bus bars, copper sheets etc.
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Baroda Extrusions Limited
The company is the first copper manufacturer to have an extrusion factory with excellent infrastructure and technology in India. The company offers products like rods, copper flats, bus bars etc., among many other products. The company, in total, has earned a revenue of ₹55 crores.
The various copper goods offered by the company now are copper sections, copper pipes, copper tubes, wire bars, tubes, flat rods etc.
Copper sees common usage in our daily lives, from industrial applications to cooking utensils. Copper is also an essential nutrient for the human body.
The copper industry in India accounts for around 3% of the world’s total copper production. In this article, we listed some of the major copper manufacturers in India.