The electrical conductivity of a semiconductor is between a conductor and a nonconductor, also known as an insulator. A perfect example of a conductor would be metallic copper and a nonconductor would be glass. Its resistivity decreases as the temperature rises, whereas metals have the reverse effect. By injecting impurities (doping) into the crystal structure, its conducting capacity can be changed. A semiconductor junction is formed when two distinct doped regions occur in the same crystal. Diodes, transistors, and most modern electronics are built on the behaviour of charge carriers such as electrons, ions, and electron holes at these junctions. Silicon, germanium, gallium arsenide, and elements near the periodic table's "metalloid staircase" are examples of semiconductors.
Many investors consider semiconductor companies to be a critical investment to their investment portfolio, since they play such an important part in the development of new technological products. The semiconductor industry is cyclical in nature.
Did You know? Semiconductor devices can have a variety of beneficial qualities, including the ability to transmit current more easily in one way than the other, changeable resistance, and light or heat sensitivity. Devices composed of semiconductors can be utilized for amplification, switching, and energy conversion because the electrical characteristics of a semiconductor material can be adjusted by doping and the application of electrical fields or light.
Indian Semi-Conductor Industry
The Indian semiconductor sector has a lot of room for growth because the businesses that use semiconductors as inputs are significantly higher in number. Mobile devices, telecommunication equipments, information technology, office automation (IT & OA), industrial machinery, autos, and a variety of other end-use industries all have computing applications in some form or another, necessitating an increased need for semiconductors. Now that the Internet of Things (IOT) is gaining traction, the next generation of interconnected gadgets will drive up demand for intelligent computing, resulting in long-term demand for semiconductors.
India's electronics system design manufacturing (ESDM) business is rapidly expanding.
With around 120 units, India has a strong design base. Nearly 2,000 chips are designed every year in India, according to the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DEITY), and more than 20,000 engineers work on various parts of chip design and verification of its proper functioning. In India, the government is putting a lot of effort into establishing the ESDM ecosystem. For building up electronics manufacturing operations in India, a variety of subsidies and other incentives are provided.
Top Semi-Conductor Manufacturing Companies in India
There are various types of semiconductor manufacturing companies are available in India and that are as follows:-
- Broadcom Inc: Broadcom Inc is a Bengaluru-based semiconductor company. In 1991, it was founded. It is India's leading semiconductor manufacturing firm. It is a semiconductor and infrastructure software company that designs, develops, and sells semiconductors and infrastructure software solutions. Data centres, networking, software, internet, wireless, and storage are all part of Broadcom's leading product range. With the industry's largest portfolio of state-of-the-art system-on-a-chip and embedded software solutions, Broadcom is transforming the world by connecting everything through a chip.
- NXP Semiconductors: Noida and Bengaluru are the headquarters of the Dutch semiconductor manufacturer. It was founded in 2006. Connectivity solutions for embedded applications are provided by NXP Semiconductors. It contributes to the creation of secure links for a smarter world. NXP has experience in a variety of fields, including security, identity, automotive, and more. NXP has a long history in India, with its primary design centre in Noida boasting over 2,500 engineers and 500 patents. Its Centre of Excellence focuses on mobile market development.
- Samsung Semi-Conductors: Samsung is a well-known electronic manufacturer. It is also well-known for its semiconductor manufacturing. Samsung is a major supplier of electronic components to a variety of businesses. Lithium-ion batteries, semiconductors, image sensors, camera modules, and screens are all available from the company. It is the world's largest smartphone and mobile phone manufacturer. The original Samsung Solstice was the start of the Samsung Galaxy device line's success. With its Android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab range, Samsung is also a large seller of tablets. The Samsung Galaxy Note range is affiliated with the phablet market. Samsung Semiconductors, founded in 1983, is headquartered in Bengaluru. Samsung's foundry division provides support to fabless and IDM semiconductor companies all around the world. The firm creates cutting-edge smartphone technologies. Computing systems and consumer products are among the company's best offerings.
- Wipro - India: Wipro is a well-known semiconductor manufacturer. Wipro, based in Bengaluru, was founded in Amalner, Maharashtra, in 1945. More than 150 tape-outs have been accomplished by Wipro's engineering NXT team. Wipro Limited is India's ninth-largest employer, employing 221,000 people.
- Sankalp Semi-Conductor: Sankalp Semiconductor was established in Hubli in 2005 (Karnataka). It provides semiconductor modelling services and solutions in a variety of industries. Sankalp Semiconductor is a well-known provider of semiconductor design services. Sankalp Semiconductor offers a wide range of services and solutions to its customers. Sankalp Semiconductor is based in Palo Alto, California, and has offices in India as well.
- Applied Materials: Bengaluru-based Applied Materials was founded in 1967. It is a prominent manufacturer of semiconductor and display equipments. Material science and engineering design, support, and cutting-edge innovation are the firm's specialties. Applied Materials are a vital part of India's semiconductor, display, and solar manufacturing ecosystems. In 2003, Applied Materials India was established. It is now the second-largest source of engineering product manufacturing for the corporation worldwide. Applied Materials India provides engineering design, support services, and cutting-edge innovation through its robust partner ecosystem in the entire country.
- Masamb: Masamb Electronics Systems is a Noida-based semiconductor manufacturing company, and additional electrical/electronic manufacturing units were founded in 2007. It provides IP-enabled semiconductor services, as well as functional verification and other services. It is an upcoming company that specializes in semiconductors and electrical manufacturing.
- Micron Technology: Micron Technology, founded in 1978, is based in Bengaluru. High-performance memory and storage technologies include DRAM, NOR, and NAND are also manufactured along with semiconductors. The company uses the world's most advanced DRAM process technology to create memory chips. It improves the bitrate density, power, and efficiency of the system. Micron Technology is a memory and storage pioneer on a global scale. It speeds up the conversion of data into intelligence, allowing individuals all around the world to learn, interact, and advance at a faster rate than ever before. The corporation has the world's most comprehensive technology portfolio that includes semiconductors.
Also Read: How to Start Battery Business in India
In the coming years, India hopes to become a worldwide semiconductor hub. For most IT organizations, semiconductors are the biggest crucial component. The demand for semiconductor chips has exploded in the previous two years, from mobile phones to personal computers and electric vehicles (EV).
In recent years, the government has intensified its focus on the ESDM sector in conjunction with the semiconductor industry.
Preferential Market Access (PMS), Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC), and Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme are just a few of the initiatives started in the National Electronics and National Telecom policies that are already being implemented throughout the country (M-SIPS). India could reach some level of electronic self-sufficiency by implementing fabrication capabilities. We hope that this article is useful for you in knowing about the semiconductor industry in India, the major semiconductor manufacturing companies that are located in India.
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