written by | April 26, 2022

How Do Direct and Indirect Taxes Differ?

A nation's leadership requires funding to improve infrastructures, medical centres, academia, tourist, and other operations. In a nutshell, the government requires finances to help the country grow. As a result, the government generates revenue by charging taxes from its residents in return for these amenities. Underneath the Indian taxation regime, residents are subject to various taxes, and the most significant distinction among these charges is how they are implemented. However, most levies in India are divided into two parts: direct and indirect taxation.

Did you know?

The Constitution of India grants the Central and State governments the power to levy taxes.

Also Read: Taxable Income: What is it, and How Can You Reduce It?

Comparison of Direct and Indirect Taxes

The following chart summarises the fundamental differences between direct and indirect taxation.

Point of Difference

Direct Tax

Indirect Tax


Citizens pays such a sum to the government directly, while others cannot transmit it.

A variety of acts monitors this amount.

Indirect taxes are levied on end-users of goods, commodities, and operations. This variation is relevant to producers and distributors for selling, importing, and acquiring products.

On the other hand, customers are responsible for paying this form of tax.


The government collects it annually and is generally subtracted at origin, making it much more cost-effective and reducing management overhead. The taxable income is unchanging, allowing the govt to forecast revenues correctly. The collecting of these taxes aids in the management of prices and reducing inequities.

Customers are only required to pay IT at the point of purchase. As a result, taxation is straightforward. Taxpayers pay fewer premiums on basic things and increased dividends on luxurious ones. Thus indirect tax contributions assure a fair contribution.

Imposition of Tax

As the title indicates, the government imposes taxes depending on citizens' earnings.

The government imposes a charge on citizens for products and services bought or used.

Course of Payment

Consumers may give this one to the government directly.

People can give it to the authorities through an intermediary.

Paying Entity

Both companies and customers pay these types of taxes.

End-user customers are the ones who pay these taxes.

Rate of Payment

The government sets the percentage based on revenue and profits.

The rate is the same for everyone.

Transferability of Payment



Nature of Tax

This kind is progressing, which means that the rate rises with a person's earnings and profits.

This kind is reactionary, which means that the rate stays unchanged regardless of a person's income.

Also Read: How to Calculate Profit After Tax and its various implications

Direct Tax and Its Types

As previously noted, you are responsible for paying such taxes directly. The government imposes such taxes upon citizens or organisations, and one cannot pass this to another person or organisation. The Department of Revenue manages the Central Board of Direct Taxes, and it seems to be the only confederation that glances at direct taxation. The Central Board of direct taxes does support much legislation that oversees various parts of direct taxes to help it fulfil its responsibilities.

Income Tax Act: The Income Tax Act of 1961 is also famous as the IT Act. An Income Tax Law of India establishes the regulations that guide taxable rates in India. These statutes taxes earnings from whatever origin, including gains from wages and trades, owning real estate or a dwelling, operating a company, etc. Under the Income Tax Act, the government mentions all the tax savings you will get on a life insurance payment or a secured investment. It determines how much money you save through investments and what tax bracket you fall into.

Wealth Tax Act: The Wealth Tax Act, which came into place in 1951, governs the taxes of a person's net worth, a HUF, or a business. When a person's net worth surpasses ₹30 lakhs, taxation of one per cent of the excessive amount is due. The budgets which were presented in 2015 finally put a stop to it. It has been replaced with a twelve percentage surcharge upon persons who earn something beyond ₹1 crore annually. It is relevant to businesses with more than ₹10 crores annually. The new standards drastically increased the total amount of money Govt would collect in taxes and the total they would collect through a wealth tax.

Gift Tax Act: This Law was implemented in 1958, and it stipulated that when an individual receives favours or presents, jewels, or money, he must pay income tax on such items. The 30 per cent taxes on the donations as mentioned above were kept in place until 1998, when it was repealed. Traditionally, the person has to pay taxes when a person gets gifts that are similar to stocks, jewellery, land, or other items. However, according to the new regulations, gifts from families such as mom and dad, husbands, uncles, aunts, and siblings are not required to pay tax. Even gifts from the municipal government are free from these levies.

Expenditure Tax Act: This Act was enacted in 1987 to deal with the expenses that you, as an individual, can incur while using the amenities of restaurants or lodging. Except for Jammu & Kashmir, it applies to the whole country. It claims that when the value exceeds ₹3,000, various charges are charged underneath the statute, including all lodging expenses and expenses incurred in restaurants.

Interest Tax Act: This Act of 1974 deals with taxation that imposes interest on earned income in certain circumstances. The most recent update to the law specifies that this will not apply to interest gained after March 2000.

Indirect Tax and Its Types

These are taxes imposed on products and services. These vary from DT in that they have been not enforced on citizens who pay them straight towards the Indian government; however, the tax is kept on items and collected through a middleman, the person marketing the goods. Sales taxes, levies on foreign products, Value Added Tax, and some other IT are most common. The government charges taxes by adding them to the cost of the goods or services, which hikes the product's price.

Excise Duty: It relates to the taxation imposed on commodities produced within the nation. The Central Govt of India imposes this sort of IT in exchange for the license to make and sell specific items. State legislatures also collect charges on drugs and liquor.

VAT: A shopkeeper or trader pays income tax, subsequently passed on to customers in an excise tax on the products and services.

Customs Duty: The government imposes such taxes on products purchased outside the country and typically paid by businesses and customers.

Entertainment Tax: The government imposes tax against cinema proprietors, who pass the cost on to the person who pays to see the film.

Service Tax: Levied on consumer-provided services, such as eatery food costs.

Securities Transaction Tax: The Indian Stock Exchange imposes this levy on securities transactions.


In a country’s economy, direct and indirect taxes are essential. Each of these government levies collects for our country’s progress, and both the central and state governments can gather these funds. You may not avoid paying taxes, either explicitly or implicitly. More than any other sort of tax, income tax appears to eat up a significant portion of your tirelessly earned cash. Thankfully, an Income Tax Act is just a philosophy that specifies how to save taxes on specific expenditures so that it is not overly burdensome on your wallet.
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Q: What are the different kinds of direct taxes?


Corporation taxes, gifting taxes, inheritance taxes, payroll taxes, VAT, real estate, and capital taxes are all direct taxes.

Q: What occurs when you miss paying stamp duty?


You must face interest on the money you owe when you do not repay your transferring charge on schedule. You might also have to pay some other costs.

Q: What is the formula for calculating taxes?


One can calculate tax as a proportion of one's gross income. Depending on the amount of money you earn, they determine your pay rates. The first twenty per cent of your income is subject to a certain amount, and you have to pay twenty per cent tax.

Q: What kind of tax is GST?


GST is a nationwide indirect tax levied on the production, purchase, sales, and provision of products and services.

Q: Which bodies in India maintain taxation?


Two separate bodies support direct and indirect taxation, the Central Board of Direct Taxes and the Central Board of Excise and Customs.

Q: In India, who determines taxation rates?


The government employs taxation bands to determine the rates at which each particular expenditure assessor is eligible for yearly tax evaluation to ensure that income tax rates and laws are appropriate.

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