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written by Khatabook | January 13, 2022

Learn About Professor Salary in India

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Table of Content


In Indian society, teaching has long been regarded as a respectable profession that provides a stable and honourable career and salary. It is thought to be the most responsible profession because a teacher is in charge of the children and their future. So, let's know in detail about this profession, the educational qualifications and the skills required for becoming a professor and professor salary based upon different factors such as qualifications, experience, designation, etc.

Did you know? India has more than 2.14 lakh college professors!

Who is a Professor?

A professor is a person who teaches students at colleges and universities. They are well-versed in their chosen subjects, including medical, law, science, commerce, and research. They are responsible for instructing students and doing various research projects in their field of expertise. A professor is a scholar who holds a PhD or an equivalent degree and teaches at a university.

Becoming a professor requires a PhD or an equivalent certification from a recognised university in India. A professor has several advantages, one of which is a generous remuneration package. The average salary per year varies from ₹5,00,000 to ₹35,00,000. A professor's income is determined by several factors, including their experience, qualifications, and skills.

Eligibility for becoming a Professor - Educational Qualification

Candidates interested in becoming professors must meet the eligibility standards and may be required to pass an admission exam known as the National Eligibility Test (NET). Candidates must also have relevant experience in the field. 

  • Basic Elementary Education and Senior Secondary Education 

Those who want to become professors should have completed their 10th and 12th from a recognised board. Candidates must do well on their 12th Board Exam to enrol in a good college. 

  • Undergraduate Degree 

To become a professor, candidates must complete their bachelor's degree; the stream in which they received their bachelor's degree is unimportant. There are two ways to get into college: merit, based on 12th  grades, or entrance test. They must have a minimum aggregate of 55% to be considered an undergraduate degree holder. 

  • Masters Degree

Candidates must additionally obtain a Master's degree with the same subject as their undergraduate degree. The admissions process is similar to that of a bachelor's degree program. Finally, you'll need to take a specialist exam, such as the UGC NET, SET, or other required exams. 

  • PhD. Degree

This phase in the process or qualification is optional or relevant based on your field and the applicable requirements. A PhD program lasts roughly three years, and the admissions process is comparable to those of Masters and UG programs.

  • Post Doctorate

A candidate must have a relevant Master's degree or 55% or aggregate marks. For doing post-doctorate, a candidate must pass the entrance exam test. 

Also Read: Primary Teacher Salary in India

Skills for becoming a Professor

In most cases, a professor researches in their particular field of expertise. In addition to academic qualifications, there are various skills required, such as the follows:

  1. Communication skills
  2. Interpersonal skills 
  3. Critical reasoning
  4. Creativity
  5. Invention
  6. Public speaking and research abilities
  7. Time Management
  8. Inference Skills
  9. Quantitative Skills
  10. Innovation
  11. Technical Knowledge
  12. Self-Confidence

What is the Salary of a Professor in India?

A professor has several advantages, one of which is a generous remuneration package. The average salary of a professor per year ranges between ₹5 Lakh to ₹35 Lakh. A professor's income is determined by many factors, including their experience, qualifications, and skills. These have been discussed below in detail -

Salary Based upon Qualification

The different salaries based upon the qualifications have been given below in the table:

Type of Qualification

Average Salary Per Year

Post Graduation 

Between ₹3,00,000 to ₹8,00,000

MPhil

Between  ₹4,81,000 to ₹ 14,20,000

PhD

Between  ₹5,11,400 to ₹23,00,000

Post Doctorate

Between  ₹7,00,000 to ₹25,00,000

Salary based upon Designation

The different salaries based upon the designation have been given below in the table:

Type of Designation

Average Salary Per Year

Lecturer

Between ₹3,00,000 to ₹8,00,000

Assistant Professor

Between ₹2,62,000 to ₹7,64,000

Associate Professor 

Between ₹2,81,000 to ₹14,20,000

Professor

Between ₹5,11,400 to ₹23,00,000

Head of the Department

Between ₹7,00,000 to ₹25,00,000

Salary based upon Experience

In each profession, as job experience grows, so does the income graph; the same is true for a professor's salary. As the experience increases, so does the salary.

Years of Experience

Average Salary Per Year

0 to 2 years 

₹5,11,000

3 to 10 years

₹8,76,000

10 to 20 years

₹24,21,000

20 years and above

₹27,98,000

Salary based upon Sector

Professors have the option of working in both the public and private sectors. The government colleges employ professors in the public sector. Professors in the private sector typically teach in private institutes, do their research, or provide private tutoring. 

Sector 

Average Salary Per Year

Private Sector

₹4,07,185

Public Sector

₹3,10,000

Also Read: Bank Manager Salary in India

Conclusion

The post of a professor is a highly respected job. Being a professor requires proper skills and qualifications. They are usually paid a good amount of salary along with various perks. The professor salary differs on various factors such as designation, qualification, experience, sectors, etc. 

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FAQs

Q: What are the different types of perks that a professor gets?

Ans:

The professors are offered different perks and a good salary such as free accommodation, insurance benefits, meal coupons, etc. However, these benefits may differ according to the policy of the employer.

Q: Name a few fields in which the professors can undertake research?

Ans:

There are several fields where specialisation can be undertaken such as Commerce, Law, Science, Medicine, Economics, etc.

Q: What are the eligibility requirements for educational qualifications to become a professor?

Ans:

For being a professor, you must have all the following educational qualifications such as basic and senior secondary qualifications and undergraduate and master's degree plus a PhD in the relevant subject. 

Q: What are some of the skills required to be a professor?

Ans:

Few of the skills that a professor must have include communication skills, self-confidence, technical knowledge, innovation, critical reasoning, etc. 

Q: Who has the maximum salary based upon the designation?

Ans:

The head of the department has the highest salary, and the lecturer has the lowest salary based upon designation. 

Q: Does the increase in experience affect the salary of a professor?

Ans:

Yes, as the job experience increases, so does a professor's salary. 

Q: How is a professor's salary bifurcated based on different sectors?

Ans:

Since the professors can work in both the public and private sectors, their salary is different for public and private sectors. 

Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.
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Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.