HOW TO START MUSHROOM FARMING BUSINESS
Mushroom farming is one of the most gainful agri-business that you can begin with low investment and less space. Mushroom development in India is developing continuously as an elective source of income for many individuals. Around the world, US, China, Italy and Netherlands are the top makers of mushrooms. In India, Uttar Pradesh is the main producer of mushrooms followed by Tripura and Kerala. The best advantage of this endeavour is the way that mushrooms have ability to convert nutritionally worthless substance like wheat or paddy straw into nutritious delicacies. It additionally empowers reusing of Argo wastes like fertilizer and chicken compost which in any case are causing pollution issues. Mushroom is a fungal body having no chlorophyll and, it is a parasitic plant. It relies on other living or dead plants to acquire food. Mushroom is a magnificent source of protein, nutrients, minerals, folic acids and is a decent source of iron for anaemic patients. Mushroom contains 19 to 35 percent protein which is higher than the majority of vegetables and oats. Its protein quality is tantamount to animal protein. Also, lysine and tryptophan protein which are missing in vegetables and grains can be acquired through mushrooms.
Various Types of Mushrooms
Button mushrooms, paddy straw mushrooms and oyster mushrooms are the three significant types of mushrooms for cultivation in India. Paddy straw mushrooms grow in temperatures going from 35 – 40 Degree Celsius. Oyster mushrooms are grown in the northern fields while button mushrooms grow throughout the winter season. All of these mushrooms of business importance are grown by various strategies and procedures.
Importance of Mushroom Business
Mushroom is significant not just for nutritional and medicinal purposes but is also important for export purposes. It requires little space or land and subsequently it is vital for landless and marginal landholders. Mushroom production has colossal potential as an income-producing activity. It grows independent of daylight, feeds on the natural matter, and doesn’t need rich soil. Along with the floor, air space is also used for bringing about higher profitability. Mushroom farming can provide extra income to farmers who wish to take up this activity particularly in their lean season.
For starting a Mushroom Business, you should consider following steps:
Create a Plan
Decide beforehand what is going to be the size of your mushroom business. Since you are cultivating your own produce, you need to understand it is not an easy task and requires a good understanding of science and botony behind it. You will have to hire professionals and the scale of your business will be big. With that decide what will be your reach. Once you are ready with your business, are you willing to also market it online? Decide how big of a space you are expecting to have and will you be also handing out the deliveries. And if it is also set up as an online store, how are you going to manage storage, packaging, and delivery.
The growth will only follow if you thrive in the market and the shrimp farm business needs investment and time. One should always be ready for bad days and thus also take care of the amount that is produced because it can be a task in itself.
Steps to Grow Mushroom
The initial step to grow mushrooms is treating the soil, that is done in the open. Compost yard for button mushroom cultivation is set up on clean, raised platform made of cement. They ought to be raised so the extra water doesn’t get collected at the pile. Despite the fact that the composting of the soil is done in the open, they ought to be covered to shield from rain water. Compost arranged is of 2 kinds – normal and synthetic manure.
Filling the Compost in Trays
The readied compost is dull earthy colored in shading. At the point when you fill the compost into a tray, it ought to be neither too wet nor excessively dry. If by chance the compost is dry, at that point splash a few drops of water on it. In the event that the compost is excessively damp, then let some water to evaporate. The size of the tray for spreading the manure could be according to the availability and convenience. However, it must be 15 to 18 cm deep. Likewise, ensure that the trays are made of delicate wood. The tray must be loaded up with compost to the edge and leveled on the surface.
Spawning is essentially the process of planting the mushroom mycelium into the beds. The spawns can be acquired from certified national research facilities at an ostensible cost. Spawning can be done in 2 different ways -1. by dispersing the compost on the bed surface in the tray or 2. probably blending the grain spawn with manure before filling the trays. Subsequent to spawning spread the trays with old papers. The sheet is then sprinkled with little water to keep up moisture and humidity. There must be a minimum headspace of 1 meter between the top tray and the roof.
Casing soil is made by blending finely squashed and sieved, rotten cow dung with the garden soil. The pH ought to be on alkaline in nature. When ready, the casing soil must be disinfected to kill pests, nematodes, bugs and different molds. Sterilization should be done by treating it with formalin solution or by steaming. After the casing soil is spread on the compost the temperature is kept up at 25⁰C for 72 hours and then brought down to 18⁰C. The casing stage requires a lot of natural air thus the room must have adequate ventilation facility during the casing stage.
Following 15 to 20 days of casing, the pinheads begin getting noticeable. White shaded, small sized buttons begin to develop within 5 to 6 days of this stage. Mushrooms are prepared for reaping when the caps are set tightly on the short stem.
During harvesting, the cap ought to be twisted off delicately. For this, you have to hold it tenderly with the fingers, press against the soil and then twist off. The base of the stalk in which mycelial strings and soil particles stick need to be chopped off.
Once you have started the business, create a website for advertising your products and services. Change your organic farming business into a brand name. Social Media is used by almost everyone around. It is almost certain that at least one person in your locality must be using any social media platform. Putting up pages on Facebook and Instagram, developing a strong SEO, and investing in marketing offline can bring great audience attraction to your chicken farm business. Along with online, spending on offline methods to propagate business is necessary. Do market research of who are the people who are most likely to buy from you, contact them. Since you have an offline store and most customers will save your number for future reference, you can invest in WhatsApp Business and use its marketing tools to propagate your business. It is convenient to use and digitally provides a personal touch as the medium is one to one messaging which has become one of the best provisions of converting prospects to customers. Remember to greet them nicely and make them feel important.
As there are more demands for the Mushroom in the current market, it is ideal to begin the business at this moment. The primary reason is that there is a higher consumption just as the uses of mushrooms in food recipes. Various sorts of mushroom are accessible, and one of the well-known is the Button Mushrooms. Obviously, it is a lot simpler alternative for gaining more mushroom farming business profits without the extra load. Mushroom farming has been broadly empowered by Government authorities just as they have been giving the subsidies for the cultivation of mushroom.
Get into the business without any fear and enjoy the process of growing ang learning. All the best.