written by | April 20, 2022

What is GI Tag and Its Registration Process

Being a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), India endorsed the Geographical Indication Act on September 15, 2003. Geographical Indication, or GI Tags, is an intellectual property right bestowed to a product from a specific geographical location and has intrinsic or reputed characteristics. In India, GI Tags are issued by the Geographical Indication Registry under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.  

Did you know?

Roquefort Cheese, an uncommon blue cheese matured in Roquefort-Sur-Soulzon, France, and Mysore Silk Saree made with 100% pure silk, and zari made of 65% silver 0.65% gold are recipients of GI tags.

What Is a GI Tag?

Sellers are permitted to create and offer merchandise with a geographic affiliation. The GI Act characterises GI as goods and services that have started or were created in a specific territory. The first item in India to be labelled with a Geographical indicator (GI) was Darjeeling tea in 2004-2005. In India, 370 products have been enlisted with the GI tag since 2020. Geographical indication, regularly known as GI tags, is a mental property right conferred on an item that started from a certain topography and has natural or trustworthy qualities unique to the area. 

Evolution of GI Tag

GI is utilized in conjunction with conventional sourcing, preparing, and showcasing, together with branding, for agricultural items. There may be concerns with the GI name in terms of fabricating, dissemination, quality control, and natural regulations. The GI tag comes from 1994 when the World Exchange Organization (WTO) sanctioned the assertion on Trade-Related Perspectives of Mental Property Rights (TRIPS) to ensure member countries' mental property and set specific prerequisites. TRIPS has started a part of the dialogues and set down rules to be followed by signatories.

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Why is GI Tag Important?

The rights of GI tag holders to utilise the marker for quality necessities and protect the location's characteristics decide the GI's worth. When a candidate gets a right over a sign that speaks to GI, the correctness of holders is gained, subject to the limitations set out within the registration. External parties have the right to limit them from making goods that don't coordinate the GI standard's quality necessities or don't utilise the same technique. It also allows producers to take legal action for encroachment and recuperate any potential harms endured due to the encroachment if there's GI tag enrollment under Section 21 of the GI Act. On the occasion of the passing of an approved holder, the tag cannot be exchanged, sold, or approved, as stipulated by Section 24 of the GI Act.

According to this Act, infringement or duplication of the merchandise is characterised as unjustifiable. Under Section 18 of the GI Act, a GI tag can be enlisted for up to 10 years, which can be increased. The assurance of geographical signs contributes to the financial prosperity of the manufacturers and producers. Moreover, the promotion and advancement of GI-labeled items increase trade opportunities and receive financial help in that locale, boosting the local economy. The conservation of geographical signs produces a positive picture and provides motivations and a better return for producers.

Advantages and Disadvantages of GI Tag

Individuals cannot utilise GI tagged things without authorisation since they are secured by law. It makes a difference for buyers to get high-quality items that meet their prerequisites and affirm their genuineness. It too boosts requests for GI tag items on national and universal markets, promoting the benefit of GI tag manufacturers. GI labels have several benefits. Recently there has been an upsurge in the interest in a product's roots, i.e., authentication. 

However, the situation is made worse by the need for clear, authentic evidence. As a subject of discussion, this undesirable competition tends to divide the nation along territorial, social, and Etymological lines. Most states have dismissed investigations. There is also a rush to expand the approval of more items with a GI tag in their surge to capture as numerous as possible. As a result, the concept of GI security for local endemic items has been called into question.

Procedure to Apply for Registration of GI Tag

  • Any person, maker, or association that has been endorsed by or under the law may submit an application with the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks, who is the Registrar of Geographical Indications. The GI Registry is located in Chennai. It is registered under the GI of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999
  • Climate, generation strategy, familiar and human characteristics, an outline of the fabricating region, the nearness of a topographical sign, a list of makers, and the expenses must all be included within the application. 
  • A preparatory test will be conducted to rule out any deficiencies. On the off chance that any are found, candidates must respond within one month after receiving the feedback.
  • The enlistment centre may favour or dismiss an application for GI enrollment. If the enlistment centre rejects the application, they must clarify why. Within two months, the candidate has the alternative of recording a reaction. 
  • After a re-refusal, the candidate has one month from the date of the dismissal to register an appeal. 
  • The recorder will issue a certificate of enlistment to the candidate. The recorder may ignore the application after alarming the applicant if the candidate fails to complete enlistment within 12 months from the date of application.

Important Factors Regarding GI tags

The following conditions must be met for the GI tag to be granted, according to Section 9 of the GI Act:

  • GI utilisation ought not to be misleading, equivocal, or unlawful. 
  • It cannot contain any vulgar material, and it should not infringe upon the territory's residents' devout convictions and sentiments. 
  • It must have a straightforward title or sign to be secured. 

All perspectives must be considered when choosing the deciding figure for distinguishing nonexclusive names, considering the circumstances of the locale where the names started and the region of the utilisation of the items. Although the commodities are from the nation, they must not resemble other nations, regions, or areas.

GI Tag Sanctions

The Central Government or the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademark, as indicated beneath sub-section (1) of Section 3 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999, can designate an official with the same assignment to fill the Registrar's shoes. Moreover, the enlistment for recording the names, area data, depictions, endorsed holders' names, areas, portrayals, and other subtle elements associated with enlisted topographical pointers (beneath Section 6 of the Act). Part A is for GI enlistment, and Portion B is for the enrollment of enlisted holders. The registrant may tag the objects entirely or in portions, and the GI may be enlisted in connection to a particular range. The enlistment center may grant a sequential order list of item classifications. E-marketing and online expense installment from the consolation of your claim domestically and the utilisation of a cell phone to put orders at any time and from any area are all illustrations of technology-driven development. 

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GI Tag List from India

Uttar Pradesh

Chunar Glaze Pottery

Handicraft

Rajasthan

Sojat Mehndi

Agricultural

Tamil Nadu

Karuppur Kalamkari Paintings

Handicraft

Tamil Nadu

Kallakurichi Wood Carving

Handicraft

Uttarakhand

Bhotia Dann of Uttarakhand

Handicraft

Assam

Judima

Agricultural

Madhya Pradesh

Balaghat Chinnor

Agricultural

Kerala

Kuttiattoor Mango (Kuttiattoor Manga)

Agricultural

Gujarat

Pithora

Handicraft

Bihar

Manjusha Art

Handicraft

Goa

Harmal Chilli

Agricultural

Kerala

Edayur Chilli

Agricultural

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand Aipan

Handicraft

Uttarakhand

Munsyari Razma

Agricultural

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand Ringal Craft

Handicraft

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand Tamta Product

Handicraft

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand Thulma

Handicraft

Goa

Myndoli Banana

Agricultural

Uttar Pradesh

Banaras Zardozi

Handicraft

Uttar Pradesh

Mirzapur Pital Bartan

Handicraft

 Uttar Pradesh

Banaras Wood Carving

Handicraft

 Uttar Pradesh

Banaras Hand Block Print

Handicraft

Uttarakhand

Kumaon Chyura Oil

Agricultural

Goa

Goan Khaje

Food Stuff

Uttar Pradesh

Rataul Mango

Agricultural

Manipur

Tamenglong Orange

Agricultural

Himachal Pradesh

Chamba Chappal

Handicraft

Uttar Pradesh

Mau Saree

Handicraft

Himachal Pradesh

Lahauli Knitted Socks & Gloves

Handicraft

Tamil Nadu

Kanniyakumari Clove

Agricultural

Manipur

Hathei Chilli

Agricultural

Nagaland

Naga Cucumber

Agricultural

Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

Mahoba Desawari Pan

Agricultural

Mizoram

Mizo Ginger

Agricultural

Sikkim and West Bengal

Dalle Khursani

Agricultural

Conclusion

The GI tag is a profitable intangible certification that establishes credibility and has a long-term effect on how buyers evaluate quality and authenticity of items with reference to the nation, locale, or region of origin. It gives benefits such as lawful security, the limitation of criminal item utilisation, the arrangement of high-quality, standardised items, and the expansion of item financial steadiness in national and worldwide markets. Moreover, the GI tag is issued after thoroughly evaluating chronicled and experimental actualities. In the occasion of a debate over the root of origin, the Registry may assign ownership to one or more states. GI approval establishes that all accessible assets are utilised in GI merchandise utilisation, deal, and conveyance. A GI Tag permits upgraded competitiveness, proficiency, and national glory within the worldwide showcase.

There's continuously the plausibility of misappropriation, which happens when unapproved dealers, merchants, or makers make a copy and illicit deals that ruin the quality and goodwill of the items. The Shopper Assurance Act, the Trademark Act, the Indian Companies Act, the Competition Act, and other laws aid the Geographical Indication Act by further verification. GI Tags are crucial in preserving creativity.
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FAQs

Q: What are the benefits of GI tags?

Ans:

  • It provides legal protection to GIs
  • Unauthorized use of a registered GI by others can be prevented.
  • Provides legal protection to Indian GIs which in turn boosts exports.
  • Promotes economic prosperity.

Q: Who is the authorised user of the GI tag?

Ans:

The producer of those goods can apply for registration as an authorised user, provided they meet all required criteria.

Q: Who can apply for a GI tag?

Ans:

Any association of people, producers, organisations or authorities established by or under the law can apply.

Q: What is the validity of a GI tag?

Ans:

A GI is registered for an initial period of 10 years, which may be renewed from time to time.

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