Waste is invariably generated by human activity. It can threaten human life and all other living beings on earth and the environment in general if not treated/recycled/disposed of properly. Waste can be solid, liquid, and gaseous, and each of these types needs a specific type of disposal method. Waste management deals with all kinds of waste, including household, municipal, organic, biomedical, industrial, biological, and radioactive wastes. It has to contend with health risks and issues throughout its process, either directly or indirectly. Therefore, waste management is necessary to reduce the adverse effect of waste on human health, the environment, the planet and avoid marring natural aesthetics.
Rapid industrial growth and growing urban migration will only push up waste generation, further accentuating the waste management challenge. With a significant portion of this not managed very well, it has a massive impact on human health and the environment. Most urban and rural local governance institutions have engaged waste management companies in India to handle solid waste management.
Did you know?
India generates 1.5 lakh tonnes of waste per day with a per capita waste generation of 0.6 kg per day.
The waste management industry in India is rapidly evolving, with many companies offering specialised waste management solutions, like e-waste management and biomedical waste management. A quick analysis of the leading waste management companies in India and their domain expertise:
Eco-Wise Waste Management Private Limited
Eco-Wise Waste Management Private Limited is considered the largest waste management company in India. They offer services in commercial waste management, industrial waste management, residential waste management, secure document destruction, product destruction, and scrap purchase. The company has offices in Greater Noida, Bangalore, and Mewat.
Also Read: What Is Non-Biodegradable Waste?
Synergy Waste Management Private Limited
Synergy Waste Management Private Limited is deemed one of India's best biomedical waste management companies. With 20 years of experience, the company provides its services to more than 8,000 hospitals across India, offering structural models that are economically sustainable. Using its resources and technical know-how, the company has established 8 Common Biomedical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facilities (CBWTF) in various states across India. The CBWTF projects are operational at Hisar, Meerut, Bhagalpur, Gaya, and Barabanki.
Attero is India's largest e-waste management company in India, which recovers nearly 98% of precious metals and reusable resources, using their cutting-edge technology to process e-waste. The green processing technology ensures a minimal carbon footprint. Attero's recycling plants adopt sustainable reuse and recycling of electronics, prompting it to be labelled as a top e-waste recycling company in India. It is India's only e-waste management company, granted environmental clearance from the Ministry of Environment & Forests.
Saahas Zero Waste
Saahas Zero Waste provides comprehensive waste management services to technology parks, multinational corporations, educational institutions, hotels, and residential complexes. They use waste to make several products like roofing sheets, clipboards, stationary, upcycled textile products, and apparel. Operating in leading cities like Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai, Goa, and Noida, their clientele includes Bangalore International Exhibition Centre, DivyaSree, RMZ Group, Amazon, and Microsoft.
Shivalik Solid Waste Management Limited
Shivalik Solid Waste Management Limited and part of the BEIL Group of Companies strives for a clean and healthy environment by providing hazardous waste management services, integrated environmental services, research, consultancy, and training.
Antony Waste Handling Cell Limited
Antony Waste Handling Cell Limited is a leading solid waste management company in India that undertakes landfill construction. The company is currently working with Greater Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Thane, Ulhasnagar, Mangalore, and North Delhi municipal corporations.
Eco Credible Enviro Solutions Private Limited
Eco Credible Enviro Solutions Private Limited is certified by Maharashtra Pollution Control Board. It specialises in e-waste recycling and offers solid waste management and wastewater treatment services.
ComePost offers complete waste management services that use efficient machines for waste processing, eliminating waste dumping. They also manufacture waste management machines that recycle daily waste.
Greenobin Recycling Private Limited
Greenobin Recycling Private Limited is a leading paper waste management company in India. Their wide range of services includes training programs, waste audits, eco fairs, recycling bins, and recycled paper products.
NEPRA - Let's Recycle
'Let’s Recycle' specialises in dry waste management and recycling. Indore, Jamnagar, Ahmedabad, and Pune have waste material recovery facilities. Their clientele includes some of the leading 5-star hotels and resorts. They also cater to clients in the automobile, retail, education, corporate, and health sectors.
Recity is a technology-enabled solid waste management company in India, providing services in metro cities. Based out of Mumbai, the company provides a platform for governments, corporates, manufacturers, and CSR organisations, to identify and address urban waste management challenges. Recity is committed to planning and implementing an end-to-end solution in solid waste management. The company network facilitates the welfare of the sanitation workers.
Recykal provides comprehensive digital solutions to facilitate transactions for all stakeholders in India’s waste management and recycling value chain. Based out of Hyderabad, it is India's first w-commerce platform (waste commerce platform) designed to bridge the gap between waste generators and waste processors.
What Are the Types of Waste These Companies Handle?
- Household waste – mostly biodegradable kitchen waste and dry/recyclable waste
- Organic waste– or compostable waste
- Biomedical waste- from hospitals
- Industrial waste
- Radioactive wastes - from nuclear power plants and nuclear materials mining
- E-Waste – scrapped and discarded IT gadgets, computers, and accessories
- India generates 1.5 lakh tonnes of waste per day
- Per capita waste generation has jumped from 0.26 kg per day to 0.85 kg per day
- Total waste generation in India is 6.20 crore tonnes per year
- 70% (4.3 crore tonnes) is collected
- Of which 1.2 crore tones are treated or recycled; 3.1 crore tonnes are dumped in landfill sites
- At the current economic growth rate, urban municipal solid waste is estimated to rise to 16.5 crore tonnes by 2030
- E-waste generation was nearly 55 lakh tonnes annually
- Plastic waste generated was nearly 3.5 lakh tonnes annually.
Key Benefits of Engaging Waste Management Companies
- Efficient and economical: Waste management companies take responsibility to collect, segregate, recycle and dispose of the waste. They have the required tools to ensure the waste is disposed of efficiently. These companies offer packages depending upon the budget funds available, making it an economic proposition.
- Environment-friendly practice: The waste management companies ensure that collected waste is disposed of correctly. They either compost or recycle the waste, reducing carbon footprint and conserving the planet’s resources. Some companies upcycle the waste and create useful products.
- Saves time: Waste management companies hire skilled and trained people whose services are quick, efficient, and with minimal supervision.
- Healthy and safe environment: The timely pickup and proper waste disposal ensure that the surroundings are clean and hygienic. It protects the neighbourhood from contracting hygiene-related sickness or the discomfort of the stinking from waste.
- Customised collection: A business can generate various types of waste like dry, solid, paper, e-waste. Waste management companies collect, segregate and recycle this waste using various technologies and techniques. They ensure that waste management services are customised and environment-friendly.
- Supports local economy: Waste management companies in India mostly hire staff from underprivileged sections. This HR practice financially empowers many families and helps build a sustainable economy.
Trends in Waste Management
Waste management practices have evolved to embrace new technologies and improve past SWM practices looking at the magnitude of the challenge. They include:
- Use of vermiculture in composting kitchen or organic waste. Vermicompost provides excellent nutrition for plant growth
- Greater emphasis on segregation of solid waste at source
- Waste to energy-generating electricity from waste
- Productive use of fly-ash in making bricks for the construction industry.
Waste management is a challenging task for any country and municipal agency. With the growing population, urban migration, and rising living standards, India’s waste management situation is expected to be much more challenging in the future. To help mitigate the waste management challenge, Governments and Municipal Corporations are increasingly outsourcing to solid waste management companies in India the task of solid waste management –collection, transportation to, and dumping in landfills. These companies bring domain expertise, professional services, efficiency, and accountability. Companies with expertise in managing biomedical waste and e-waste provide services to hospitals and e-waste recycling services to the IT industry. The waste management industry in India follows the 5R – Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose and Recycle.
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