Meat denotes the consumption of an organism's muscles or organs. India exports a substantial quantity of red meat in a nation wherein people respect cows. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, India was the global largest beef exporter in 2015, surpassing more recognised exporters such as Brazil and Australia.
This is because India sends a lot of water buffalo meat, a Bovidae family member classed as red meat (beef), by the United States Department of Agriculture. The buffalo industry has been quickly expanding, and it currently generates more export revenue for India than basmati rice.
Buffalo meat from India, a chewy crust and less expensive substitute for beef is consumed mainly in the Middle East and Asia, where increasing richness fuels animal protein consumption requirements. According to the country's meat export policy, bone-in beef is illegal in India, and meat with bones is likewise forbidden, and India cannot ship it. Only meat without bone, such as buffalo, goat, and sheep meat, is allowed to be exported.
India exports predominantly raw, deboned portions of buffalo meat used in the processing industry. Only a small % of people make it to their homes for personal consumption, which is due to carabeef's toughness. After reading this article, you will have a thorough understanding of the meat exporters in India and will be able to analyse the terminologies associated with the beef export company.
Did you know?
Brazil was the global largest beef exporter in 2021, surpassing more recognised exporters such as the US and Australia.
The History of Meat Consumption
People cook and eat meat, which is the flesh of livestock, and this name refers to mammalian and avian muscle tissue. You can eat meat like hamburgers, pieces, chops, roasts or roast beef.
Offal such as brains, liver, intestines and kidneys was once popular in most societies. Nevertheless, most Western diets don't include meat anymore. The majority of beef consumed now comes from large mammals raised on farms, which are vast industrial complexes housing thousands of animals at a time. However, hunting animals is still the only way to get it in some traditional communities in traditional societies. People derive it from animals produced on big industrial farms in most regions of the globe.
Kinds of Meat
- Red Meat
This comes from mammals and their tissue. It includes more iron-rich protein myoglobin than white meat. Here are several examples:
- White meat
It comes from poultry and small birds and is milder than red meat. Here are several examples:
What Nutrients Do You Find in Meat?
We believe lean meat is an excellent source of protein. After cooking, it contains roughly 25–30% protein by weight. Cooked chicken breast has about 31 grams of protein per 3.5-ounce (100-gram) meal. A plate of lean beef comprises around 27 grams.
Many people consider animal protein a total protein because it contains all nine necessary amino acids.
What Effects Does Meat Have on the Human Body?
Many experts have linked meat consumption to an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease and some malignancies. Red meat consumption also increases the risk of death, according to studies.
Meat is not only a great source of protein and amino acids, but it's also the only way to get harmful cholesterol. Some meats have a lot of fat, particularly saturated fat. Consumers can raise the high cholesterol concentration in the body by consuming a saturated fat diet, and maintaining high cholesterol increases your risk of a heart attack.
Why is India the World's Fourth-Largest Exporter of Beef?
India produced 3,760,000 tonnes of cattle and buffalo meat in 2020. India's beef and bovine meat production climbed from 179,000 tonnes in 1971 to 3,760,000 tonnes in 2020, a 9.62% annual growth rate.
In the nineteenth century, 75% of Indians were vegetarians; however, in the twenty-first century, 71% were non-vegetarians. Since the nineteenth century, the population has grown dramatically, as has the proportion of the population who consumes meat. As a result, India is one of the world's biggest exporters of beef.
Top 5 Beef Exporting Companies of India
Allanasons Private Limited is the top exporter with exporting value of ₹2028 crores. At the same time, Al-hamd Food Products Pvt Ltd is a bit behind with a ₹400 crores export Valuation. Al-hamd is followed by Mirha Exports Pvt Ltd., MK Overseas Pvt Ltd., and HMA Agro Industries PVT Ltd., with exportation values of ₹300 crores and ₹295 crores, respectively.
Top 5 cities That Export the Most Amount of Beef
Mumbai leads all the cities in exporting, with 39.94% of total beef. While the nation's capital New Delhi stands second with 24.93%, Aligarh, Ghaziabad, and Agra had 6.28%, 5.93%, and 4.68% beef export, respectively.
The Situation in Vietnam
As demand in Vietnam decreases, India's beef exports drop to a nine-year low. According to trade data, India's beef exports have declined to their lowest level in nearly a decade, owing to a dip in Vietnam consumption rather than local livestock trade and slaughter limitations.
Beef exports have decreased in both value and volume compared to 2012-13. India exports buffalo meat, often known as carabeef because cow slaughter is illegal in India. After all, many Indians regard cows as sacred.
As per trade data issued by the Department of Trade, beef export sales were valued at ₹2,28,99 crores in 2020-21, up from ₹2,44,26 crores in 2012-13. Beef sales surged in 2014-15 when ₹3,58,75 crores worth of meat departed Indian docks, equivalent to 1.5% of overall exports. Beef now accounts for a little more than 1% of India's exports, a level it has held for the previous three years.
Over several years, Vietnam was the leading destination for Indian beef, helping the nation become the major exporter of beef and contributing to its decline. According to some sources, Vietnam was a transit point port for a significant amount of India's beef shipments.
How Do Slaughterhouses Pollute the Environment?
Animals are responsible for a significant amount of greenhouse gas emissions. According to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the livestock farming industry, which includes cultivating feed crops, fertiliser production and the transportation of eggs and meat, accounts for 18% of all Greenhouse Gas emissions expressed in carbon dioxide equivalent.
The farm animal industry generates the following revenue each year:
- CO2 emissions caused by humans account for 9% of total CO2 emissions.
- Thirty-seven% of methane (CH) emissions have a global warming effect of over 20 times that of CO2, and 65% of nitrogen oxide (N2O) emissions have a warming effect of 300 times that of CO2.
- Slaughterhouses worldwide cause 25% climate change, making them 25 times more powerful than CO2.
Wastewater & marine pollution are two of the most severe environmental hazards linked with the meat industry. Meat factory wastewater contains a variety of nasty things known as suspended particles, such as oil, fat and excrement. Because there are no regulations for meat factory waste, the problem will continue to exist. These meat houses polluted streams with Ammonia, Phosphorus and Nitrogen.
According to Ayurveda, there are several points of view.
Being the most advanced animal on the planet, man should consume mindfully, with the least level of violence possible. They should avoid non-vegetarian foods for optimum overall wellbeing. However, the individual must make the decision and accept the consequences.
Religious Point of View
Livestock slaughter, particularly cow slaughter, is a contentious issue in India. The cattle's cultural status as an adored and respected living being among some sects of Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. At the same time, Muslims, Christians and true believers of other religions in the country, such as Animists and non-Indian Zoroastrians, regard it as a good food source.
People avoid cow slaughter for various reasons, including Hinduism's association with the god Shiva, cattle's devotion as a vital part of rural life and financial issues.
The prohibition of meat and slaughterhouses would harm the economy and Islamic societies. However, this nation must also preserve the sensitivities of Hindu groups. Ritual slaughter is not a requirement in the Islamic religion. Thus if we are to evolve as a nation, we must learn to see the big picture.
Each issue has a remedy, which all parties must acknowledge and accept. Also, we must ban all illegal slaughterhouses and make them sanitary according to regulations. We should ensure safeguarding the cow and buffalo against theft and exploitation, as they are a poor farmer's primary source of income.
Follow Khatabook for the latest updates, news blogs, and articles related to micro, small and medium businesses (MSMEs), business tips, income tax, GST, salary, and accounting.