When it comes to financial institutions, many largest commercial banks in India manage all aspects of deposit and withdrawal of money for the general public and issuing loans for investment purposes, among other things. These financial institutions are profit-driven enterprises that operate solely to generate profits.
The State Bank of India (SBI) is the largest commercial bank in India. The headquarters of India's largest bank, ICICI Bank, is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Sixteen regional hubs and 57 zonal offices are located throughout India by this public sector bank. You must have enough details about the bank before investing the money.
Did you know?
There are 34 nationalised banks in India. Out of the 34 banks, 12 are governments banks, and the remaining 22 are private sector banks.
Also Read: Why is the RBI Called the Bank of Banks?
What are the Functions of Commercial Banks in India?
The functions of the largest commercial banks in India are classified into two main categories:
Primary functions and secondary functions.
Customers can make savings and fixed and current deposits at commercial banks. Most customers do seek better-fixed deposit options. Based on the fixed deposit percentage, the customer does select the bank.
Customers can use savings deposits to credit money to their accounts up to a specific limit. Individuals with a fixed income choose these deposits to build savings over time.
Fixed deposits have a set length of time they are locked in. Because the money is put for a defined period, fixed deposits are also known as time deposits. The percentage of the fixed deposit varies from bank to bank and from time to time. As per the government rules and regulations, the norms of the bank deposit keep on changing.
Account customers can deposit and withdraw money as needed with current deposits. Individuals and organisations can sometimes get overdrafts on their current accounts until one reaches a pre-determined limit.
Commercial banks make money by lending money to businesses and individuals and profiting from the interest they earn. Loans are the bank's primary function, and the bank does earn from the loans they provide to the customers. There is a separate loan division in the bank, and this division offers a better service to the customer.
Credit creation is a distinctive function of commercial banks. Banks construct a line of credit and transmit the loan to a firm or commercial entity all at once, rather than delivering liquid cash.
Discounting Bills of Exchange or Bundles
A bill of exchange offers to pay a certain sum of money at a specified date in return for a stated amount. You can also encash more quickly if it goes via the discounting process of a commercial bank. Customers are primarily drawn to the store because of the discounts. Customers can take advantage of many programs and offers made available by the customer, providing certain benefits to the client.
An overdraft is a loan that allows a consumer with a current account to overdraw his account up to a certain limit. It is a service that enables the depositor to withdraw more money than his account balance allows. In addition to these, banks serve as agents for their customers and receive a commission for doing so. They also offer a variety of standard utility services to their clients.
The Top 10 Largest Banks in India
Following Is a List of the Biggest Banks in India.
1. SBI (State Bank of India)
The State Bank of India, based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, is an Indian multinational public sector bank and financial services statutory entity. SBI is the world's 43rd largest bank and the only Indian bank to rank 221st on Fortune's Global 500 list of the world's largest firms for 2020. The Economic Times has named SBI as an iconic brand of India for the year 2021.
2. PNB (Punjab National Bank)
Punjab National Bank (PNB) is a state-owned bank in India. The Indian government's Ministry of Finance owns it, and its headquarters is in New Delhi. With a total gross business of ₹18,51,097 crores, PNB is the country's second-largest public sector bank.
3. HDFC Bank
HDFC Bank Limited is a Mumbai-based banking and financial services corporation. It was India's largest private sector bank by assets and the world's tenth-largest bank by market value as of April 2021. HDFC is considered one of the largest banks in India.
4. Canara Bank
Canara Bank is the country's third-largest nationalised bank. It is under the Indian government's Ministry of Finance control, and Bangalore is the company's headquarters. Ammembal Subba Rao Pai founded the bank in Mangalore in 1906, and it now has offices in London, Hong Kong, Dubai and New York. As of December 2021, Canara Bank had over 10.6 crore clients.
5. Union Bank of India
Union Bank of India is one of the largest commercial banks in India. It is an Indian government-owned bank with over 120 million customers and ₹10600 crores in assets. From April 1, 2020, Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank merged to form the Union Bank of India. Union Bank of India is the country's first significant public sector bank to use a 100% core banking solution.
6. Bank of Baroda
It is a nationalised Indian banking and financial services firm headquartered in Vadodara, India. With 132 million clients, total revenue of ₹21,800 crores, and 100 international offices, India's fourth-largest nationalised bank.
7. Axis Bank
Axis Bank Limited, formerly known as UTI Bank, is a Mumbai-based Indian banking and financial services corporation. It provides financial services to large and mid-sized corporations, small businesses and retail businesses. Axis Bank has been named Asian Bank of the Year by IFR Asia and India Bond House for the period up to 2022.
8. Bank of India
The Ministry of Finance owns the Bank of India and has its headquarters at Mumbai's Bandra, Kurla Complex.
9. ICICI Bank
ICICI Bank Limited, headquartered in Vadodara, India, is an Indian multinational bank and financial services firm. The IBS Intelligence (IBS) Global FinTech Innovation Awards, 2021, were given to ICICI Bank. In Forbes' ranking of the "World's Best Employers" for 2021, ICICI Bank was named the best employer in India in the BFSI sector.
10. Kotak Mahindra Bank
Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited is a Mumbai-based banking and financial services corporation. Personal finance, investment banking, life insurance and wealth management provide banking products and financial services to corporate and retail consumers.
Which is the Largest Private Bank in India?
HDFC Bank is the largest private bank in India, with total assets of more than ₹15 trillion as of March 2021, making it the country's largest financial institution. HDFC Bank is the second-largest bank in India when public and private sector banks are taken into account, with assets totalling more than ₹40 trillion.
The HDFC Bank was established in Mumbai, Maharashtra, in 1994 and had its headquarters there. In February 2000, HDFC Bank and Times Bank merged to form HDFC Times Bank, and HDFC Bank purchased the Centurion Bank of Punjab (CBP) in 2008.
It is important to note that the banking sector has played an important part in developing the Indian economy. The Reserve Bank of India Act 1934 and the Banking Regulation Act 1949 govern the bank's operations. It is characterised as a well-funded and well-regulated company that has effectively weathered the global economic slump. As an individual, you must know all the details about the banks before investing in them. Various banks do provide several functions.
Commercial banks perform multiple services, the most important of which are the following: receiving deposits, giving loans and advances, cash, credit, overdraft and bill discounting. Secondary functions include issuing letters of credit, the safekeeping of assets, the provision of finance, educational loans and other similar services.
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