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written by | September 5, 2022

What Is the Meaning of MOQ?

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Some manufacturers and distributors may have a minimum order quantity (MOQ) to be met when placing an order. That indicates that occasionally, producers, suppliers, and distributors will reject some clients if they are unable to identify the required minimum order volume.

While it appears contradictory that refusing orders might increase earnings, it's critical to comprehend true MOQ meaning and how it operates. It is essential to know why some suppliers would employ them, especially in low-margin or highly specialised industries. Minimum order amounts can boost your bottom line if they are used wisely.

Did You Know?

Each manufacturer defines MOQ differently. Some manufacturers base their MOQ on the total order size, such as a minimum of 1000 pieces of an item regardless of size or colour. Some may set their minimum based on style, colour, size, or any other variable.

What Is the MOQ, or Minimum Order Quantity?

The smallest number of units a company is ready to sell to a single client at once is known as the minimum order quantity. Even while a retail establishment would be delighted to sell only one T-shirt or one head of lettuce, doing so seldom results in a profit. Depending on the product, they can need a minimum purchase of hundreds or thousands of pieces.

Many manufacturers use a MOQ to sell in bulk to wholesalers, who then use the same MOQ to sell in bulk to retailers. People can then visit a retailer to purchase one or two product units.

Importance of Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ)

The quantity used as the starting point for orders is referred to as the MOQ or minimum order quantity. Essentially, it refers to an item that would, if sold, cover the costs of production and at least guarantee producers a break-even point.

Regardless of whether you own a B2B or B2C business, you generally favour large orders over little ones. The minimum order quantity, or MOQ, enters the picture at this point.

The minimum order quantity (MOQ) makes sure that the orders are economical, lucrative, and have a steady gross margin. You are in the right place if you are unsure of the minimum order quantity. This article will tell you everything you need to know about minimum order quantities and how to take advantage of them.

Also Read: Costing: Definition, Objectives, and Advantages

What Justifies Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ) Use by Suppliers?

Suppliers often employ MOQs for one reason: selling margin or the revenue produced by selling a good or service. Suppose a supplier offers goods with a low markup or a narrow margin. In that case, it may require a significant amount of sales to break even after accounting for overhead and other ongoing expenses.

Different industries choose their MOQs for various reasons and in different ways. As an illustration, a manufacturing company that has to start a production run may incur high upfront expenses. It isn't worthwhile until it sells enough units to cover those expenses.

A manufacturer or wholesaler will offer items in cases, and they prefer to sell a whole issue to avoid the extra effort and expenses involved with breaking them down and transporting them in partials. The MOQ would be 12 – one point — if they were shipping shampoo, for instance, when one case would include 12 units.

How Does Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ) Affect Inventory?

A low MOQ will result in you holding extra stock, which will reduce your inventory turnover. Most inventory planners focus on sourcing inventory at the lowest possible price, which isn't always the best strategy. On the other hand, buyers must determine if they will require at least the MOQ of a product or if they will need to find a supplier with a lower MOQ or think about inventory storage solutions. Buyers must consider factors like warehouse space and possible cost savings from placing bulk orders.

Also Read: What is an Accounting Transaction? Example & Types of Accounting Transaction

Advantages of Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ)

Minimum order quantities can give significant advantages to both suppliers and customers. When correctly managed, the MOQ may be an essential inventory control tool, assisting buyers in keeping prices low and suppliers keep profit margins in the black.

Advantages for Vendors

  • Improved cash flow: An MOQ may aid suppliers in maintaining a healthier, more stable cash flow when product pricing and order volumes are adequately maintained.
  • Reduced inventory costs: In some circumstances, MOQs might limit the amount of purchased inventory. Some orders are only made when a customer is prepared to buy an amount that will be lucrative for the provider, instead of creating an order large enough to earn a profit and then looking for numerous small purchasers. Doing so means you need less warehouse space and spend less on goods.
  • Better profit margins: Suppliers may better control their profit margins by employing MOQs judiciously, producing items only when substantial earnings support the order.

Advantages for Buyers

  • Economies of scale (bulk savings): When working with suppliers with MOQs, buyers frequently know they are obtaining the best price per unit. Even with higher warehousing expenses or needing to sell things at a loss to enhance inventory turnover, there are situations when buying in bulk can result in purchasers making more money.
  • Improved supplier relationships: The relationship with a provider of goods and raw materials is crucial. It might be challenging to compromise the buyer's economic order quantity (EOQ), often known as the optimal quantity of inventory, and the MOQ. When the MOQ exceeds the EOQ, buyers and suppliers may occasionally collaborate to discuss potential concessions or alternatives, including order sharing with other buyers.

Also Read: What Are Different Types of Accounting Explained With Examples & Importance

How is a MOQ Different From an EOQ? 

The MOQ (minimum order quantity) is the amount of product that the supplier is willing to supply. The bare minimum of units that the supplier is ready to offer to the buyer can also be utilised to indicate this. Setting a minimum order quantity (MOQ) is critical if you are a supplier.

MOQ aids the provider in generating at least a minimal profit. The provider is highly unlikely to turn a profit from the sale if the quantity supplied is below the MOQ.

The acronym EOQ, on the other hand, stands for economic order quantity. For the customer, the economic order quantity is quite beneficial, and it represents the best investment that a business should make. EOQ assists in lowering inventory costs and increasing the buyer's profit.

Use of Inventory Management Software to Control MOQ

Pencil and paper should not be used to calculate a MOQ. Even the most basic spreadsheets cannot handle it for most businesses. Without the help of software to manage your inventory, costs fluctuate, market circumstances change, and information like order quantities, amounts, and other things might disappear. You may delve deeply into the particulars of order amounts, profit margins, and additional information using supply chain management software that is a component of an entire ERP platform. Dashboards that use easily understood graphics can show this data. It aids in determining your perfect MOQs and may also be a valuable tool for other team members to comprehend crucial facts, such as profit margins and other vital statistics.

Also Read: Different Types of Accounts in Accounting - 3 Types of Accounts

Conclusion:

One of the biggest challenges is the quantity of money required to start a business. A minimum order quantity (MOQ) may preclude certain companies from doing business with a manufacturer. Still, for some brands, a MOQ is sometimes preferable to purchasing a lesser number of inventory at a higher per-unit cost (when you factor in the higher average price over time and freight charges to account for the higher frequency of reorders).

The optimum minimum order number will differ amongst firms, and choosing the ideal benchmark needs extensive research, careful sales strategy, and good fortune. Finding a suitable MOQ might enable you to expand your firm while maintaining profitability.

Follow Khatabook for the latest updates, news blogs, and articles related to micro, small and medium businesses (MSMEs), business tips, income tax, GST, salary, and accounting.

FAQs

Q: How do I request the MOQ?

Ans:

You must first request samples from the provider before making a formal order. Determine the minimum order amount after ensuring the quality of the items provided by each supplier. Please note that each supplier's goods may have a different quote and MOQ.

Q: Describe high MOQ.

Ans:

You must specify a larger MOQ for cheap products, which guarantees you a profit. A lower MOQ is effective for higher-cost commodities since they are already more expensive. This approach enables you to earn a profit whether you sell a small number of items or many.

Q: Why is MOQ 500 used?

Ans:

The minimum order quantity (MOQ) stipulation determines how many units you must purchase from a provider. For instance, if the MOQ is 500 pieces, you cannot buy fewer than 500 of a particular product.

Q: What is the Chinese MOQ?

Ans:

You will often encounter the word "minimum order quantity," or MOQ, in talks while importing products from China, so you should become familiar with it. In China, very few suppliers and manufacturers accept a purchase order unless the buyer agrees with the MOQ.

Q: Why is MOQ crucial?

Ans:

As they dictate which companies they are willing and able to do business with, MOQs are crucial for suppliers. By establishing MOQs, suppliers may make it simple for companies to understand how many units are necessary for the two of them to cooperate.

Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.
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Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.