mail-box-lead-generation

written by | June 27, 2022

What Is Collateral and How to Get a Collateral-Free Loan?

×

Table of Content


The word collateral implies the guaranteeing of something against a loan taken. You could pledge your home, commercial premises, an expensive car or even some jewellery for a loan given to you by a bank or a money lender. A collateral-free loan is unique in its nature because you can procure for your business from a financial institution, bank or money lender without having to pledge any of your fixed or other assets. Some of the assets which are considered as collateral include vehicles, gold, savings certificates, property, deposits as well as bonds. Vehicles that are more than five to seven years old do not qualify as collateral. Any asset that you pledge has to be of considerable value in accordance with the loan you wish to take. A collateral-free loan is provided on the premise of a specific rate of interest and can be applied for by individuals as well as businesses. Several individuals apply for collateral loans for varied reasons. Some of these include wedding expenditures for children and higher studies abroad for children. Young adults aspiring for higher studies abroad also apply for collateral loans. However, like most financial borrowings, a collateral-free business loan also comes with its limitations as far as the amount is concerned.

Did you know? Inventory, farm products, equipment, consumer goods, and property on paper are accepted collaterals to procure a collateral-free loan if their value is in accordance with the finance required.

Deep-Diving Into the World of a Collateral-Free Loan

Let us first understand the various features that constitute collateral-free loans. These power-packed loans include the following aspects:

  • According to the micro, small and medium enterprises development act of 2006, all mid-size businesses can avail of loans amounting to ₹1 crore.
  • Mid-size business enterprises which are operational, as well as the new ones, can avail of such loans.
  • Those desirous of very large amounts will require collaterals. This varies across the applicants and is dependent on the various details of their business.
  • The interest rates vary across banks though they are often charged according to the prevailing base rate.
  • The guarantee cover requirement for such loans is 75%, 80% and 85%.

Also Read: How to Compare Business Loan Interest and Apply For a Loan?

Who Needs a Collateral Free Loan?

There are various categories of individuals who require a collateral-free loan. Some of these include families who are keen to send their children abroad for higher studies. There are others who need loans to meet their individual medical expenses. Some individuals require such loans for making timely payments to their employees, while others require them for the renovation of their commercial premises or even homes. More often than not, Founders or entrepreneurs of micro, small as well as medium enterprises (MSME) apply for collateral-free loans. Most of these organisations are proved to be ineligible in their application for such loans. The procedures involved in applying for bank loans are known to be tedious. Under these circumstances, businesses choose to approach other finance-lending entities to ease their requirements of finance. collateral-free loans have proved to be very advantageous to such businesses. The reasons for this are given below:

  • The rates of interest are not too steep but competitive.
  • The conditions underlying the repayment of the loans are flexible and are applicable up to 5 years after procuring the loan.
  • You don’t have to provide a constant progressive report.
  • The documents required include proof of your business registration certificate, income, and your personal details like Aadhar and PAN cards, passport, voter id, as well as your driving license if you have one.
  • No collateral guarantee is demanded.
  • You are not questioned on your credit score. 
  • The applications furnished by the businesses are processed speedily.

The eligibility criteria for procuring a collateral-free loan include the following:

  • You have to be an Indian citizen.
  • You should be in the age group of 18-65 years.
  • If you are a business owner, your business should not be older than five years.
  • You require to furnish approval from the department of industrial policy and promotion (DIPP).
  • You also need to furnish a patron guarantee. This is given by the Indian patent and trademark department.

Also Read: How to Apply for an e-Commerce Business Loan in India?

Key Considerations Before Applying for a Collateral Free Loan

  • Draw a parallel between the various offerings of different finance lenders. Scrutinise the minute details like charges involved, tenure, amount and above all, the interest rate.
  • Don’t get lured by low-interest rates. Make a proper analysis, and understand the terms and conditions before you make a decision.

Understanding the Public Collateral Free Loan Schemes

The government of India has, in the recent past, introduced many interesting loan facilities to encourage small and medium-sized businesses to avail of loans without collateral. The details of these are listed below:

Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme:

The credit guarantee fund trust for micro and small enterprises (CGTMSE) has systematically organised collateral-free loans for micro, small, and medium enterprises. A rural, regional, and even a scheduled commercial bank can enrol itself as a leading authority and get associated with this scheme. This CGTMSE scheme offers loans amounting to ₹10 lakhs without collateral. In case of loans exceeding ₹10 lakhs and extending to an amount of ₹1 crore, the primary security will be covered under this scheme. This could involve a mortgage of a building as well as land.

MSME Loan Scheme:

This scheme was launched by the Indian government to ease the requirement for working capital in micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The amount of loan extends to a maximum of ₹1 crore and can be availed of by existing and new businesses. While it takes only an hour to approve or disapprove an application, the processing of the loan application is done speedily and takes about 8-12 days only. A 3% reservation is made for women entrepreneurs under this scheme, and the processing of the loan approval is comparatively easy.

MUDRA:

The Micro-Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) scheme is ideal for business entities in the service, manufacturing, and trading sectors. You can apply for loans at various banks, namely small banks, private and public sector banks, cooperative societies, as well as scheduled commercial banks. This scheme allows a business entity to apply for a loan under three different categories of loans which are:

Shishu – Amount limited to ₹50,000

Kishor – Amount limited to ₹5 lakhs

Tarun – Amount limited to  ₹10 lakhs

SIDBI Loans:

In 1990, the small industries development bank of India (SIDBI) was established to meet the financial requirements of businesses which are under the purview of the Ministry of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSME). The amount of loans offered by this bank is in the range of ₹10 lakhs and ₹25 crores. The loan tenure in some cases is extended to ten years.  A loan amount extending up to ₹1 crore does not necessitate collateral. The said MSMEs could procure loans for buying new equipment to enhance productivity. However, the eligibility requirements, amount of the loan as well as tenure of the loan vary across different schemes.

Also Read: Learn About Getting a Business Loan for Shopkeepers

National Small Industries Corporation Subsidy:

This offers two benefits to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises, namely assistance in raw materials and assistance in marketing. However, these businesses have to qualify as MSEs with a Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum to become eligible for the said NSIC subsidy. Once they qualify, the scheme offers support in the various operations to help the business enhance its production.

Credit-linked Capital Subsidy:

Businesses that are in need of funds to upgrade their technology requirements can avail of this scheme. This could apply to processes like supply chain, manufacturing, and marketing to ease costs of production. A capital subsidy of 15% is offered to all those businesses that meet the eligibility criteria under this scheme. A business which qualifies for this subsidy includes public as well as private limited organisations, partnership companies, proprietors, as well as co-operative establishments.

Conclusion:

The above contents of this article give clarity on what a collateral-free loan entails. This article also details the eligibility criteria for the different schemes, including the public ones established by the government of India. This article helps to understand the many benefits of collateral-free loans and how they have proved to be of immense value to small, micro and medium-sized business enterprises in India. 

Follow Khatabook for the latest updates, news blogs, and articles related to micro, small and medium businesses (MSMEs), business tips, income tax, GST, salary, and accounting.

FAQs

Q: What is the meaning of collateral-free loans by the government?

Ans:

The government of India has introduced various loan facilities to encourage small and medium-sized businesses to procure loans without collateral. This is to encourage small, micro as well as medium-sized business ventures to boost their business growth and contribute to a healthy economy.

Q: What do collateral-free loans for startups mean?

Ans:

This enables a business to borrow finance from a money lender at a specific rate of interest without the burden of furnishing collateral.

Q: What is the MSME collateral-free loan limit?

Ans:

Under the MSMED Act of 2006, the limit of collateral-free loans for MSME amounts to 1 crore with a time frame of repayment that is extended to five years.

Q: What does a collateral-free business loan mean?

Ans:

A collateral-free business loan involves furnishing finance to borrowers without seeking any guarantee or pledging of assets. However, such loans involve a certain rate of interest.

Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.
×
mail-box-lead-generation
Get Started
Access Tally data on Your Mobile
Error: Invalid Phone Number

Are you a licensed Tally user?

Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.