One of India's earliest businesses to take off was the textile and apparel sector. The whole value chain of the nation, from fibre to apparel production, is adequately represented. It is the major employer of the labour force after the agricultural sector. Interestingly, this sector accounts for 5% of the nation's GDP and 12% of India's overall export revenue. The government has approved a plan to increase the supply of skilled labour. "Scheme for Capacity Building in Textile Sector (SCBTS)" is the name of the programme. Apart from spinning and weaving, it applies to the whole textile value chain in the formal economy. It covers the three-year period from 2017–18 to 2019–20 and has a budget of ₹1300 crore. The Samarth scheme seeks to close the sector's skill gap. Launched through the Special Package for Garments and Made-ups, it intensifies its endeavours.
Did you Know?
The Ministry of Textile is implementing this Samarth Scheme with an aim to train 10 Lakh people until 2020.
What is the Samarth Scheme?
A programme called Samarth Scheme for Capacity Building in the Textile Sectors (SCBTS) has been introduced by the Ministry of Textile. The government started this programme to train the untrained labour force and place them in various industries. These industries include handloom, carpet, jute, silk, and many more disorganised ones, as well as knitting, processing, clothing, and other industries. The Samarth Scheme intends to train 10 lakh young people for three years (2017-2018 and 2019-2020).
Objectives of Samarth Scheme
The main objectives of the Samarth scheme are:
- Providing skilling programmes that are National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) certified and are based on the demand and placement driven.
- To assist and enhance the sector's job-creation initiatives.
- Organise your thoughts around the textile industry, omitting spinning, weaving, and related sectors.
- To improve and strengthen one's talents in the traditional industry that comprises jute, handicrafts, sericulture, and handloom.
- To guarantee that everyone in the nation has a sustainable means of subsistence whether they are self-employed or engaged for pay.
- The programme seeks to train 10,00 000 people over three years (2017-20). One lakh in the traditional sector and the rest in the organised business.
Features of Samarth Scheme
The following are Samarth Scheme's main features:
- The Samarth Scheme is in existence in 18 states.
- This programme will incorporate at least 80% of the overall of the Aadhaar Enabled Biometric Attendance System's evaluation.
- Under this programme, instructors who have received Training of Trainers (ToT) accreditation from (Resource Support Agency) RSA/SSCs (Sector Skill Councils) would train trainees to improve their skills.
- With a paid job in the traditional sector (50%) and the organised sector, this programme has started a placement-linked upskilling programme (70%).
- Additionally, it will keep tracking for a year following installation.
- Samarth Scheme is anticipated to accomplish all of its assigned duties with an expense of ₹1,300 crores.
- The plan incorporates CCTV filming of training sessions where disagreements can develop and be handled quickly.
Implementation of Samarth Scheme
The organisations listed below will carry out the skill-building initiatives for the Samarth scheme:
- Institutions or groups connected to the textiles industry and the state or federal governments that have training resources and connections to the textile industry for job placement.
- Reputable training facilities, NGOs, groups, trusts, and corporations.
- Businesses, startups, and business owners who have a textile industry agency agreement.
The Process of Implementation
The following standards will be used by implementing agencies to choose other agencies:
- Prior training and experience in the textile sector
- Monetary security
- Organisational qualifications
- Infrastructure for training, especially in the Aspirational Districts identified by the NITI Aayog.
The Samarth scheme's entire implementation structure, including programme expenditures, is in line with the policy framework for skill development (NSQF, Common Norms, etc.). The initiative has been detailed by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
This curriculum also includes the Training of Trainers (ToT) and Entry-level programs.
The Implementation Strategy
The Samarth Scheme follows the following approach:
- The Aadhaar system uses biometric attendance for evaluation, with 80% as the minimum attendance requirement.
- Trainers with RSA/SSC certification offer the Training of Trainers (ToT).
- The entire training programme and assessment process are captured on CCTV.
- RSA evaluation organisations approve third-party evaluation and certification.
- A skill-building programme with placement and required pay. It consists of the traditional sector (70%) and the organised sector (50%). It also provides monitoring one year after implantation.
- Random physical inspections of training facilities that are currently in use.
- NSQF-aligned curricula
- Real-time Scheme data and a strong MIS (Management Information System) are now available on the Ministry of Textiles homepage.
- A call centre, sometimes known as a support or helpline department.
- Stakeholders can use mobile applications to make monitoring and implementation processes easier.
- Priority is being given to 115 aspirational areas and marginalised social groups.
- The Ministry of Textiles has designated a Grievance Redressal Officer to handle public complaints.
- An internal group to address workplace sexual harassment of women. This committee's main concerns are mitigation, restrictions, and compensation. The Act of 2013 allowed for the creation of the committee.
- Funding under the general regulations of MSDE
- Beneficiaries of the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana are given access to low-interest finance for self-employment.
How to Apply for the Samarth Scheme Online?
The following details the entire procedure for applying for the programme and completing the Samarth Scheme online registration form for 2022:
- Check the official site at https://samarth-textiles.gov.in/ as the first step.
- Then open the Samarth Scheme online registration form for 2022 by clicking the "Candidate Registration" option on the portal's home screen.
- In the final step, candidates must complete the Samarth Scheme online registration form by entering the required information (name, date of birth, cell phone number, email address, state, district, address, training centre) and clicking the "Submit" option.
All applicants for the Samarth Scheme must be Indian citizens. SC/ST, women, minorities, people with disabilities, members of the Below Poverty category, and residents of the 115 aspirational districts shall receive the privilege.
Samarth Scheme Benefits
People can benefit from the Samarth Scheme in the following ways:
- Young people and employees will receive training in the development of textile-related skills.
- To empower individuals, the central government has inked MoUs with 18 states. As part of these agreements, 4 lakh people from all states will receive training in the textile business.
- A training target of 3.6 lakh beneficiaries has been given to 18 State Governments under Samarth to implement training programmes in traditional and organised sectors.
- On August 14, 2019, the States and the Ministry signed an agreement for up-skilling in traditional sectors; sectoral Organisations of the Ministry have been given a goal training objective of 43,000 beneficiaries.
- This programme will provide money for women as well. Women will be empowered and allowed to advance by this program that aims to train 10,00,000 people.
- The "Samarth" programme will train people in textile-related fields such as ready-to-wear, woven fabrics, metal handicrafts, handlooms, handicrafts, and carpets.
The Samarth scheme is unquestionably a ticket to success for all talented young people who want to work in the textile industry. The government is offering training in the textiles sector to almost 10 lakh young people through the Samarth Scheme.
The government has set out ₹1300 crore for this programme, which covers every step of the industry's value chain except spinning and weaving. The Samarth Scheme guarantees job placement for about 70% of successful trainees. This programme is presently growing exports and represents a significant step toward the textile industry's goal of $300 billion in exports by 2025.