With the advent of technology, everything has become digitised. In the Land and Revenue Administration, digitisation is a welcome change in maintaining land records. Tamilnadu has improved its land records management online and made rapid changes. The state has launched an online portal to maintain landlords' online records efficiently.
Did You Know? Tamilnadu Government no longer issues Chittas after 2015. A document containing all the pertinent details of the two terms - Patta and Chitta - was merged into one document.
An Overview Of Patta
An online Patta is a legal document issued by the Tamil Nadu government in the name of the actual owner of the property. You can obtain it from the Tahsildar's district office or apply online.
Patta usually includes the following information:
- The name of the district, the Taluk, and the village
- Number of the Patta
- Owner's name
- Subdivision number and survey number
- Information about the land type- Wetlands or Drylands (Nanjai Nilam or Punjai Nilam in Tamil)
- Tax details and land area
The seller needs a valid Patta for the land to have a clear property title. After acquiring land, the buyer must apply for a transfer of Patta to the buyer's name at the appropriate Taluka office.
Importance of Patta
- A Patta form indicates the legal ownership of a piece of land. When joint ownership is involved, the patta form contains either the owners' or the co-owners names.
- Patta can act as a resolution tool for disputes regarding property ownership.
- Patta will be the primary determinant of ownership during the sale or transfer of a property.
- If the government wishes to acquire land, it must compensate the Patta holder (since the Patta signified the first title to the property).
Definition of Chitta
Village Administrative Office and the Taluk office maintain or issues Chitta. It is also a legal Tamilnadu land records document. A Chitta describes the land classification between Nanjai (wetland) and Punjai (dryland) and the owner's details. The term nanjai refers to land with much water, usually with water bodies such as rivers, ponds, canals etc. Punjai, by contrast, has fewer bodies of water and bore wells.
Difference Between Patta and Chitta
The following table explains the difference between these two land records documents.
Patta provides land ownership information, including land area, location and survey.
The Taluk and village administrative offices manage chittas, which are immovable properties.
To ensure a secure property purchase, you can check the patta of the property.
Nanjai or Punjai, Chitta describes both the essence of the land and its owner.
Patta Types in Tamilnadu
There are various types of pattas, including:
People in revenue villages who do not have their own houses are entitled to obtain Natham Pattas.
AD Conditioned Patta
One of the conditions mentioned in the patta is that the land cannot be sold for the next 10 years from when the Conditional patta was issued.Landless tribals and Adithravidars are divided into various plots of land by Adithravidar Nalan Tahsildar.
Land Handover Patta
As part of the land handover program, the government offers free land to veterans, poor people of the backward class, etc.
- TSLR (Town Survey Land Record) Patta refers to a document that contains town survey land records
- The other patta types are UDRs (Updating Data Registries), Manual Pattas (2Cs), and Joint Pattas.
How To Apply Patta Online in Tamilnadu?
Below is an overview of applying for details on Patta Chitta land surveys in Tamil Nadu.
Step 1: Go to https://eservices.tn.gov.in/eservicesnew/index.html to access Chitta patta online.
Step 2: Click on the View Patta and FMB/Chitta/TSLR Extract option.
Step 3: You must enter details such as your Taluk, village, ward, survey number, etc. You will see all districts except Mayiladuthurai, which was announced in December 2020 and is the 38th and newest district in the state.
Step 4: Once you submit, you will receive an online certificate with information about your property from the Town Survey Land Registrar. In this certificate, you can get all the information about the locality, land type, land address, survey number, etc.
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Patta Transfer Procedure
Individuals' names cannot be changed on the Patta online. The only way to do this is to visit the village administration office (Tehsildar's office). Request the Patta Name Transfer Application form when you arrive at the office. Keep the sale deed, electricity bill, tax receipts, and encumbrance certificate handy. You must fill out the application form and sign it, along with the necessary documents and fees. It takes 30 days for the changes to reflect in the paper. By visiting the official portal, the applicants in Tamilnadu can verify the status of their Patta Name change online.
Documents Required for Patta Transfer
Online Patta Chitta applications require the following documents, and make sure you keep them handy. The following are among them:
- Photocopies of the original and verified copy of the sale deed are required. To submit these, you must go to the office of the tehsildar.
- Any evidence that the property is in your possession. You can use Tax receipts, electricity bills, or even encumbrance certificates as evidence of payment.
- These documents establish the legal possession of the property. Patta Chitta application forms may also require identity and residence proof, ration cards, citizenship certificates, and the family's annual income details.
Checking The Status of Patta Chitta Online
Follow these steps to check the status of your Patta Chitta document transfer:
- Visit the Tamil Nadu e-district website.
- Please enter your application ID and captcha.
- When you click on get status, it will display the status of your transfer application.
Verification Of Patta Chitta Online
Here are the steps for verifying your Patta Chitta:
- Visit the Tamil Nadu e-district website.
- To confirm Patta, click on it.
- Please enter your reference number and click submit.
- Verification of your Patta Chitta will take place.
Checking the status of Patta Chitta's verification
The following steps will help you narrow your verification status:
- Visit the Tamil Nadu service site.
- Please enter your reference number.
- Submit the form.
- On the page, you will see Patta Chitta's verification status.
Online Patta Services: On the Mobile App
When Palaniswami was Chief Minister in 2018, he launched the 'AMMA e-service of the Land Records app for Android. Besides accessing land records, Patta Chitta, this mobile app offers many other features.
Can I access Patta Chitta via the mobile app?
Yes. By using the Amma e-service of the Land Records app, you can access Patta Chitta more easily. This app allows you to access Patta Chitta in the following steps.
1. Individuals can download patta online using the Amma app (AMMA e-service of Land Records) from the Google Playstore.
This app allows you to check the following details:
2. Go to A-register and click on it. To verify the land type, soil, irrigation mechanisms, per hectare rates, and several other things, individuals can enter the name of their district and further details under this column.
3. By entering the patta number or subdivision number, an individual can also get the details of the pattadhar. A user must click on the 'get details' option at the bottom of the form to see the results.
A Patta Chitta is a document that proves you own the land. Every property owner should possess this document. People can use the paper to clarify matters when there is a dispute about the title. Furthermore, it makes you liable for compensation if the government wishes to acquire your land.
It is important to remember that apartments do not provide documents, and the building is built on land with a Patta Chitta. Tamil Nadu's government has allowed people to apply and assess their records online.
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