Simply put, international marketing is the practise of undertaking marketing operations in multiple countries. It is sometimes referred to as "global marketing," which refers to constructing the marketing mix (i.e., product, price, place, and promotion) globally and tailoring it to the needs of different consumer bases. Companies today are free to operate internationally rather than only within their own boundaries. The economies are growing and making room for more aggressive marketing due to the consumers' changing needs, choices and preferences.
Did you know?
The World Trade Organization estimates that between 1951 and 2010, the volume of global goods trade rose 33 times.
What is International Marketing?
International marketing refers to the execution of marketing principles by businesses operating globally or across international borders. With particular focus on market recognition, targeting, and choices worldwide, international marketing is focused on an expansion of a business's local marketing strategy to fulfil the corporate goals.
The most important choice each business must make is whether to go global or not. A corporation may decide against globalisation because of its significant local market share and its reluctance to embrace the new laws and regulations of the global marketplace.
However, the organisation is drawn to going worldwide for the reasons listed below:
- Enhanced Economies of Scale.
- Opportunities with more potential for profit in the global market than the local market.
- Increased product lifespan.
- Largely untapped Global Market.
Characteristics of International Marketing
All the elements of contemporary marketing characterise international marketing. The latter seeks to meet clients' demands worldwide, and thus, it crosses the geographical border.
International marketing thus has specific characteristics like:
- There are two or more nations involved.
- Specialised marketing tactics for particular nations
- It permits communication between a business and overseas clients.
- The global business landscape is taken into consideration while making decisions.
As you might have imagined, organisations that are effective at global marketing have access to exciting prospects. It does, however, also pose many risks and difficulties.
What are the Types of International Marketing?
Export or licencing is typically the first step for international enterprises wishing to sell their goods or services in a new nation. Along with these alternatives, contract manufacturing, joint ventures, and foreign direct investment are additional types of worldwide marketing.
Exporting is the practice of sending products directly to a foreign nation. Manufacturers who want to grow internationally frequently think about exporting first, and that's not shocking, either.
Exporting has the least risk compared to our list's other foreign marketing strategies. The administration of the company's human resources is also least affected by it.
Through a licencing agreement, a corporation, also referred to as the licensor, grants a multinational corporation, the right to utilise its intellectual property. The typical duration is set, and the licensor is compensated with royalties.
In India, there are several instances of intellectual property licencing. These cover trade names, manufacturing techniques, copyrights, and patents.
Like licencing, franchising entails the parent company allowing a foreign company to conduct business under its name. On the other hand, franchises typically operate under more stringent regulations than licenced businesses.
Additionally, businesses that provide services like hotels, rental companies, and restaurants use this form of foreign marketing more frequently. However, licencing is often limited to the industrial industry.
A joint venture is when two companies from different nations work together to benefit both. It is the combined involvement of two or more businesses in a venture in which each business:
- Contributes resources
- Owns the property in some way.
- Sharing risk
Sony-Ericsson is arguably the most well-known worldwide joint venture to date. It involves a collaboration between the Swedish telecom business Ericsson and the Japanese electronics manufacturer Sony.
Foreign Direct Investment
In FDI, a business establishes a fixed asset in another nation to manufacture goods.
In contrast to joint ventures, the foreign corporation owns the subsidiary entirely. Thus, it potentially creates direct control or significant influence on decision-making.
Among other aspects, mergers, acquisitions, retailing, services, and logistics are forms of foreign direct investment.
Objectives of International Marketing
- To bring nations closer together for the sake of commerce, promote global free trade on a broad scale, and integrate the economies of many countries to speed up the process of trade globalisation.
- To establish and foster commercial ties between states to sustain friendly relations and maintain international peace.
- To promote social and cultural interaction between many nations across the world. For instance, we enjoy eating Mexican, Chinese, and Italian food in countries like India, which is a beautiful illustration of socio-cultural interaction.
- To give individuals from diverse parts of the world a better quality of life and well-being.
- To aid nations experiencing natural disasters and other severe crises.
- To close the gap between industrialised and developing nations by helping developing countries with their industrial and economic progress.
- To guarantee the best possible global resource usage, including surplus production.
- To promote international export commerce and to profit all participating nations from it.
- To grant all nations taking part in global marketing the advantages of comparative cost advantage.
- To eliminate trade barriers to preserve global commerce open and equitable for all nations.
Benefits of International Marketing
Despite the many advantages of local marketing, international marketing has the power to diversify your consumer base and open up even more opportunities for your company. This may lead to greater and broader prospects for business growth. Additionally, global marketing makes it possible to effectively use excess output and foster ties with other companies worldwide.
Here are a few advantages of global marketing:
Market growth has become one of international marketing's main benefits and a chance to increase a brand's consumer base.
Two decades ago, small firms couldn't afford to think about promoting a good or service. But it is no longer the case for modern communication platforms like Google and Facebook.
Small enterprises may reach a more extensive client base abroad without exceeding their budget. International marketing raises not only revenue but also brand recognition.
Protects Against Economic Downturn
Catastrophes and unforeseen economic occurrences can seriously harm a company's financial situation.
However, sales to foreign customers can help counterbalance any potential downturns in income. Your company will be able to endure the difficult times and compensate for the losses sustained at home.
Effective Utilization of Surplus Production
Manufacturers can use their excess production more efficiently with international marketing.
It entails transporting surplus products from one nation to another. In this manner, the importers and exporters of goods can trade goods to satisfy their respective demands.
In other words, extra raw materials, finished products, or services produced domestically may be exported to overseas markets.
Provides Competitive Advantages
International marketing offers competitive benefits in addition to boosting income and diversifying assets.
You can gain new clients and exposure that your rivals might not have by growing internationally. This is particularly true if the housing market is already fully developed.
You may stay one step ahead of the competition by using global marketing.
Global marketing broadens the range of career options abroad.
Specialized skills that might not be accessible where a business is based might be accessed through international marketing. As a result, employers frequently select candidates with specialised skills that may be valuable at home.
For instance, more than 71% of advertisers think that some of the most exemplary advertising efforts are created overseas. So, a similar approach at home might give you a competitive advantage.
Challenges in International Marketing
- Knowledge of international trends and comprehension of consumers' diverse and evolving views.
- Market circumstances adaptation.
- Predicting the behaviour of global rivals.
- Creating innovative tactics that incorporate technological innovation, process improvements, and creativity.
Developing an effective foreign marketing plan can be challenging for small or medium-sized firms. This is because they frequently lack the resources or knowledge necessary to start such a project.
Smaller firms might collaborate with competing enterprises in the neighbourhood to develop cultural studies. Hiring marketing professionals with an understanding of international marketplaces is an additional choice.
Research is the most crucial factor for a successful worldwide marketing campaign, regardless of your chosen strategy. It will help organisations make better judgments and help them realise their full potential in emerging markets.
Finally, frequent adjustments are needed to maintain competitiveness in the international market. You may, for example, reassess your marketing plan every three months.
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