written by | May 27, 2022

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Table of content

What is Process Manufacturing? Different Processes and Types

Process manufacturers create goods with a fixed process, not a reversible one. They use recipes and formulas to create goods and automate manual tasks. This allows process manufacturers to respond quickly to volatile market conditions. After reading this article, you'll understand what process manufacturing is all about and how it can benefit your business. 

You'll understand the benefits of process manufacturing and cherish some nice examples! 

Did you know?

MIT's Continuous Manufacturing Center was the first pharmaceutical manufacturing process to use integrated automation and model-based controls. The MIT process proved that continuous manufacturing could be done efficiently. After completing the project, Eric Jayjock joined the Janssen team. He is credited for the invention of the C-SOPS continuous, direct compression line. The invention of PCMM is a major step forward in the quest for quality and efficiency in drug production.

What Is Process Manufacturing?

Process manufacturers produce irreversible goods. In manufacturing, goods are produced that can't be separated or reversed. Thus it's termed "process manufacturing ." For example, oil cannot be separated from the water, ingredients can't be separated from a cold drink, etc.

Each batch contains one or more parts joined together and finished with other materials in process manufacturing. These components are known as "components" of other products. Process manufacturing is perfect for continuous-flow manufacturing.

There are some disadvantages of process manufacturing. Some goods produced by this type of manufacturing may not be sold and may be returned to the manufacturer or distributor. 

This can happen for various reasons, including poor sales, inventory obsolescence, or a delivery refusal. Many of these goods are considered "end-of-life" - they no longer meet customer needs or are being replaced by newer, better versions. 

This type of production can be environmentally problematic, and manufacturers have to make sure they recycle any unwanted products.

They Rely on Formulas and Recipes

Discrete manufacturing uses a bill of materials (BOM), which details the quantities of parts, assemblies, raw materials and subassemblies needed for each product. BOMs are fixed, while recipes and processes are constantly changing. 

Process manufacturing aims to maximise efficiency, but there are a few challenges that process manufacturers must overcome. Formulas are the lifeblood of any process manufacturing ERP, and these formulas must be flexible, powerful and adaptable to changing conditions to produce a quality product. 

       

Because your products depend on them, they must comply with industry standards and government regulations. Any flaws in your recipes could put you out of business. Your ERP software should support multiple measurement systems, including volume and weight, to ensure quality.

Also Read: What Are Raw Materials in Manufacturing? Meaning, Types And Importance

Types of Manufacturing Processes

As the industrial revolution changed the way we made products, many modern manufacturing processes have evolved. From artificial to machine-made, manufacturing processes have changed and become more refined with time. Today, there are many sub-sectors and unique advantages associated with each type of manufacturing process. Here are three common types of manufacturing processes:

  1. Job Shop

The job shop manufacturing process planning includes a complex system of completing parts and moving them to the next department. While this type of production has advantages over traditional manufacturing, it can also be costly. 

The cost of managing materials, transporting parts and meeting customer demands are the biggest disadvantages of the job shop manufacturing process. However, the benefits outweigh these drawbacks. Here are some of the key advantages of the job shop manufacturing process.

Advantages of Job Shop

  • Job shops are perfect for modern manufacturers.
  • Their process is highly customised and requires skilled professionals with a high level of quality control. 
  • The benefits of this process are significant for both the small business and the customer. 
  • A job shop manufacturer can control cash flow while still offering high-quality products and services. 
  • It can also be used to provide customised parts for other companies. 
  • Its unique process setup allows it to cater to customers' individual needs and is ideal for managing small volumes of orders.
  1. Continuous Flow

While batch manufacturing involves varying quality and quantity across batches, continuous manufacturing expects a consistent product quality throughout each run. However, this is not always the case. 

Continuous manufacturing often involves exceptions to attributes such as material hold-ups that occur during fractions of an hour or less of production. The end goal is to develop a more efficient manufacturing process in either case.

Advantages of Continuous flow:

  • Continuous manufacturing processes eliminate the need for transporting materials from one process to the next. 
  • Continuous flow manufacturing streamlines the entire manufacturing stream, from raw materials to packaging and testing. 
  • The use of process analytical technologies ensures quality throughout the entire manufacturing process. 
  • Pharmaceutical companies can react quickly to changes in demand. For these reasons, manufacturers have increasingly applied continuous manufacturing techniques to the pharmaceutical production process. 
  • By implementing a process that combines the entire manufacturing stream into a single integrated flow, manufacturers can eliminate built-in production gaps and shorten the overall manufacturing time.
  1. Custom Manufacturing

The manufacturing process of planning for a custom product takes a lot longer than for off-the-shelf items. Because these products require customisation, the production process usually moves between a few different manufacturers. Mass production is a faster method for creating products. The production process for mass-produced products is highly automated and uses assembly lines to increase speed, and this method also reduces the need for human involvement.

Because of the high-speed and low-labour requirements, mass-produced products are typically cheaper. But when you need a smaller-scale production, custom manufacturing is better. The following are just a few of the many advantages of custom manufacturing.

Advantages of Custom Manufacturing:

  • Automating workflows can help eliminate this problem by reducing the stress placed on employees. The benefits of workflow automation include reduced stress and increased employee productivity. 
  • You can easily implement software to track and monitor your custom manufacturing processes.
  • Custom manufacturing processes can create almost any object, from tiny implants to adult prosthetic arms. This versatility is the perfect solution for the medical industry's custom manufacturing needs.
  • By using high-speed prototyping techniques, engineers can turn a complex design into a functional product in just a few days. 
  • It allows the product to undergo proper testing and feedback from stakeholders, ensuring it hits the market on time.
  1. Process Manufacturing Software

Calculating production requirements for a given product can be useful for a process manufacturer. A software solution can help calculate the labour and material needed for a particular batch, but it can also pinpoint the right time for more orders. 

This makes process manufacturing software very useful for companies that produce various products. In addition to this, it can also alert the staff about changes in orders or machinery maintenance, allowing manufacturers to plan better and optimise equipment usage.

Here are the two most popular ones: 

Enterprise 21: Enterprise 21 is an enterprise resource planning (ERP) software package with built-in process manufacturing software. The enterprise resource planning (ERP) system offers end-to-end process manufacturing ERP capabilities, including order management, warehouse management, procurement, CRM, business intelligence and e commerce functionality.

ProcessPro: A key feature of ProcessPro is the ability to manage data accuracy. This software can handle real-time inventory transactions and bar code scanning. It also makes traceability a cakewalk since it can record the ingredients and finished goods at various stages. The software can also generate recall information. In addition, ProcessPro can automate the creation and management of multiple work centres and organisational units. And, of course, it can handle a wide range of other tasks.

When selecting the right software for process manufacturing, consider the benefits it can bring to your company. Using this software can minimise spoilage, increase compliance with recipes and ensure proper input of expiration dates. Furthermore, the software can help you manage the various functions of your manufacturing facility and make sure your products meet all regulatory requirements. 

By leveraging Process Manufacturing software, you can make the most of your facility and improve your business performance. It is a great way to improve productivity and efficiency.

Also Read: Different Types of Industries- Primary, Secondary & Tertiary

Examples of Process Manufacturing

Every factory has thought carefully about the best way to manufacture a particular product. The best way to do this is to consider the types of products you'll produce. Some require a simple assembly line, while others require elaborate midstream processes and multiple steps. Whether you're looking for a single product or a collection of products, there's a process that fits your needs.

If you're looking to start a new business, consider the benefits of process manufacturing for your company. The key ingredients in brewing a beer are grains, malt, hops, yeast and sugar. The basic steps for brewing beer include steeping these ingredients in boiling water and adding sugars to the mixture. A process like this can be a great way to experiment with different types of beer, so don't be afraid to try. The benefits of beer production will be clear to you, and you'll be able to use it in various ways.

Examples of process manufacturing include:

  • food and beverage.
  • Oil and gas.
  • Pharmaceuticals.
  • Personal care and cosmetics.
  • Plastics.
  • Metals.

Conclusion

Process manufacturing involves assembling several raw materials and supplies into one product, and this method is usually more flexible than discrete manufacturing. You got to know various types and examples of Process manufacturing. Now, to clear any further doubts, you can drop a comment. 
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FAQs

Q: What is the basic manufacturing process?

Ans:

There are four basic production processes for producing the desired shape of a product. These include

  • machining
  • casting
  • joining (welding, epoxy, mechanical fasteners, etc.), 
  • deformation processes.

Q: How to do manufacturing process planning?

Ans:

Here are 5 steps to making perfect manufacturing process planning:

  1. Forecast your product's demand.
  2. Determine potential alternatives for manufacturing.
  3. Select the option for manufacturing that uses the substances more effectively.
  4. Monitor and control.
  5. Adjust.

Q: What is process manufacturing?

Ans:

Product making is what we call process manufacturing by combining ingredients, supplies and raw substances with the help of recipes and formulas.

Q: What are the different manufacturing processes?

Ans:

If we talk about the manufacturing processes types of processes, here's a list you can cherish:

  • Casting
  • Forming
  • Joining
  • Labelling and painting
  • Moulding
  • Machining
  • Additive manufacturing

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Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.