Businesses may obtain comprehensive information about the health and profitability of their operations from the multi-step income statement. The income statement, one of the top three financial statements, gauges business success. The income statement, sometimes referred to as a profit and loss statement, gives a general summary of the revenues and costs incurred over a specific time period.
An income statement offers useful information about a firm's operations, managerial effectiveness, lagging industries, and performance in comparison to competitors. Tiny firms can benefit from a single-step income statement, but larger companies will value the degree of detail a multiple-step income statement provides. This guide will help you understand what is a multistep income statement and how it can be beneficial for your business.
Did you know that the multistep income statement of a business shows operational and non-operating income as independent entities due to which the financial clutter is lessened.
What is a multi-step income statement?
The multi-step income statement offers thorough reporting of the revenues and costs incurred by your organisation, employing several phases to calculate net income. The components of the income statement that need many steps to calculate are revenue, cost of products sold, and expenditures.
The multistep income statement, as opposed to the straightforward, single-step income statement, makes a distinction between operational and non-operational revenues and costs, providing investors and business owners with a clearer picture of the processes and efficiency levels of the organization. Multiple-step income statements' isolated breakdowns enable in-depth margin analysis and give more accurate depictions of the expenses of products sold.
What is a multi-step income statement Used?
A multi-step income statement's ability to show a gross profit is a significant advantage. Sales for the time period less cost of products sold = gross profit. This enables you to examine the company's sales revenue before operating income is considered. You may get gross margin by dividing gross profit by sales after seeing a detailed gross profit. Operating and non-operating income are also separated in the multi-step income statement.
This makes it possible for you to determine how much of the net income for the time period came from typical business operations. This comprehensive breakdown in each category is not provided by single-step income statements, which limits a complete review of revenue. A healthy operational income that is increasing is a positive indicator for your company. Non-operating income and costs might be one-time occurrences that don't have an impact on your company's long-term health.
Also Read: Know about Meaning and Importance of Income Statement
Multi-Step Income Statement Format
The multi-step income statement format is broken up into Operating Head and Non-Operating Head, which are the two primary heads. All the major company revenues and operating expenses are recorded in the income statement. It is sometimes referred to as a trading account because it lists direct income and expenses.
Operating head -gross profit
Gross Profit is the first component of the multi-step income statement's structure. All the operating incomes and operating expenses are recorded in the first section. The cost of goods sold (COGS) is subtracted from the total sales in the first section's computation to reveal the company's gross profit. It is a crucial number for lenders, shareholders, and management since it shows how lucrative a business is at producing or selling its goods.
For instance, the firm's multi-step income statement will include the total sales figure, which represents all of the business sales made during that time frame, and the cost of goods sold figure, which represents all of the costs related to purchasing, shipments, or other conveyance, and preparing the product for sale. Gross margin is the revenue generated by the company's sales of its products. It should be emphasized that no further expenses have yet been included. It consists only of cash coming in from sales of goods and going out to pay for those goods. This part aids in gauging the health of the company and the profitability of its key operations.
Operating head-Selling and Administrative Costs
The second portion of the multi-step income statement's structure is devoted to selling and administrative costs. It lists all business operational costs in the Selling and Administrative areas. Selling Expenses are costs related to the sale of the goods. Selling expenditures include costs such as branding, a salesperson's pay, carriage on sales in profit and loss account, and commissions.
Sale and administrative expenditures are combined to determine total operational expenses. Selling expenses are defined as costs that are directly connected to the sale of the product, such as rent, office staff salaries, and supplies. Subtracting these total running costs from the gross margin in the preceding part yields the company's operating income.
The non-Operating Head is the third component of the multi-step income statement's structure. The non-operating and other head categories include all types of business earnings and outlays that are unrelated to a company's core operations. Consider a merchant who doesn't offer insurance and faces damages due to an automobile accident. The insurance company made a payment for the settlement so that the insurance company's revenues would be treated as non-operating income rather than being included in total sales. As a result, it will arrive in the non-operating and other heads.
Also Read: Comparative Income Statement: Examples, Analysis and Format
What is an Outstanding Expenses
The income statement of business shows the outstanding expenses too. Outstanding expenses refer to those expenses that have been incurred but the payment for the same is yet to be made. Outstanding expenses comes under the liability side of the balance sheet, and they should be included in the specific expense category to which they belong when preparing the trading and profit and loss account. The outstanding salary is shown under the heading of outstanding expenses.
How to calculate net income in a multi-statement income statement?
This can be done by following three simple steps follows
Step 1: Compute Gross Profit (Total sales – Cost of goods sold)
Step 2: Compute Income From Operations (Gross profit – operating expenses)
Step 3: Compute Net Income (Income from operations – non-operating and other)
A multi-step income statement offers the necessary information, making it far superior to a single-step statement. However, if it is not prepared correctly, it may be deceptive. In order to artificially increase their margins, the company's management may move expenditures from the cost of products sold to the operations. Viewing the comparative financial accounts over time is crucial in order to identify trends, evaluate them, and maybe help spot fraud.
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