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written by | September 19, 2022

The Meaning of Packaging: Importance & Types

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Table of Content


Packaging can refer to many aspects of the business. It could refer to how your products and services are displayed on the internet or in a retail store or refer to the physical containers you place your products into when you offer them to customers. Packaging has a crucial significance for your business. Not recognising this significance could harm your reputation and result in you losing money as customers leave.

Did you know? 

Packaging provides a foundation for branding while also allowing for creative expression. But it also implies things you'd never think were true.

What is Packing or Packaging?

Packaging ensures safety and can be defined as wrapping an item to ensure its distribution, storage, sale, and use. Functions of packaging include physical protection as well as handling, containment protection, tamper-resistant, information transmission, ease of use, and aesthetics.

Packaging can be described as the broad range of actions involved in an item's design. The main focus of these activities is forming the design of the packaging and constructing an attractive and appropriate packaging or container for an item. The packaging could function as a powerful but silent and colourful salesman during the purchase or an effective way of promoting impulse purchase. In some cases, the packaging design itself may act as a registered mark.

Usage of Packaging

The packaging methods or types will depend on the type of contents in terms of their worth, physical properties, and longevity. It is vital to assess the length of the distribution route, the volume of handling the container subject to, and the variation in climatic conditions that may occur between the time of manufacturing and sale.

For instance, liquids require containers composed of plastic or glass. In general, electrical appliances need tin sheet containers. Wooden containers are employed for similarly fragile (i.e., easily breakable or damaged) objects.

Also Read: How to Start a Successful Business in India?

Categories of Packaging

Packaging can be divided into three categories as the following:

1. Family Packaging:

If a specific producer's product is packed similarly, it's referred to by the name of family packaging. The shape, size, colour, and packaging will be the same for each item. Family brands are made significant by using family-oriented packaging by using the same packaging techniques, the materials used to package, and the design.

2. Reuse Packaging:

The packaging used for other purposes after the packed goods were removed and consumed falls under the category of reuse packaging. Wellness oils and vegetable drinks are offered in plastic containers that can be reused and come in various designs. Reusable packaging can boost the value of sales for the product significantly.

3. Multiple Packaging:

It's the process of putting several units into one container. For example, the liquor industry uses multiple packaging.

Also Read: What is the Difference Between Businessman And Entrepreneur?

Functions of Packaging

Different types of packaging serve different functions. The most popular packaging is designed to safeguard and promote the product. Other packaging includes transport packaging such as crates and boxes, display packaging, like store shelves window displays, and protective packagings, like bubble wrap and foam peanuts. Each kind of packaging has its significance in the world of business. For example,

  • Primary packaging for products is the most crucial packaging as it safeguards the product from harm and keeps it in good condition. 
  • The packaging for transport ensures that the products are delivered safely and in good shape.
  • Display packaging makes the product more attractive to buyers and makes them more likely to buy it.
  • Protective packaging protects fragile items in storage and shipping.

By using high-quality packaging, companies can improve the satisfaction of their customers with their goods and ensure they are secure throughout transport.

Types of Packaging

There are 3 basic types of packaging which are: 

  • Primary Packaging

The primary packaging refers to the type of packaging that comes into direct contact with the item itself and is often referred to as an item for consumption. The primary purpose of packaging is to hold or protect the final product, specifically against contamination. The first layer contains the final product, like an empty plastic pouch that contains whole-grain cereal or the cardboard box that contains the cereal pouch. It becomes easy for consumers to handle products; it can make items look more attractive and be utilised to provide printed information on the products to the consumer.

  • Secondary Packaging

This kind of packaging is employed in addition to primary packaging to organise a set quantity of items to form an inventory-keeping unit, often called SKU(stock-keeping unit) It helps in the handling of smaller items by collaging the items into a single package. This type of packaging offers additional protection to ensure its integrity. It can also serve as a container for small packages, which makes it extremely useful for e-commerce

Secondary packaging typically consists of multiple parts box and padding separators, reinforcements bags, papers, etc. For cereal, for instance, the packaging used for secondary packaging could be a corrugated cardboard box that contains multiple individual cereal boxes.

  • Tertiary Packaging

Sometimes, it is called bulk or transit packaging; this can be used to organise large quantities of SKUs to move them from one point to another point. (e.g., from the production facility to the location of purchase). At this point, the products are taken care of as distribution units. This type of packaging allows for transporting heavy and large loads securely and safely. It also helps protect against damage and helps in handling, storage, and transportation of products. One example of tertiary packing is a stretch-wrapped, wrapped pallet that contains several cardboard containers with secondary packaging to make it easier for products to be shipped shipping.

Also Read: What is the Difference Between E-Business and E-Commerce?

Purposes of Packaging

1. Protection

The main purpose of packaging is to shield the contents from damages that may occur in transport, handling, or storage. Packaging keeps the product safe throughout the entire logistics chain, from the factory to the consumer. It shields the product from heat, humidity, light, and other external influences. This is the primary function of packaging. 

Apart from that the amount of packaging waste that a product creates is truly shocking. In the end, packaging's function is to safeguard. However, there is a difference between an intelligent, well-designed package and packaging that is not designed to be functional.

2. Safety

Packaging plays a crucial role in keeping the contents of its packaging and its consumers safe. Packaging must contain vital details about the product as well as its security. For instance, for food items, the date of packaging, the best-before date, and the list of ingredients should be visible on the packaging. These pieces of information improve the safety of the product and the consumer. More details are always better than having no information in any way.

3. Attractiveness

Packaging is an integral part of the product's brand name and marketing. Unique packaging can enhance the product's attractiveness and impact the desire to purchase the item. About two-thirds of customers believe that packaging can influence the purchase decision. Packaging can also convey a complete story of the company behind the product as well as the product's social, environmental, and economic impact. Packaging is a means to convey the company's values as well as the many benefits this product can bring to the customer.

4. Usability

Consumers are seeking functional, purpose-built packaging. They want practical, life-saver packaging that is extremely user-friendly. The quality of the packaging will be judged by the customers only. Simple packaging for opening and closing, easy to sort and fold the following use, and recyclable or reused can meet a few of the consumer's demands. 

In addition, the optimal design enhances usability. Nowadays, the trend of packaging design has been observed to shift from one-use to purchasing goods in bulk, with recyclable packaging and containers similar to those used before the 1960s. Environmentally conscious consumers carry their bags, jars, and containers when they go to the grocery store. So, a major challenge is with regards to the use of packaging. How often can it be reused, and is it as easy as consumers want?

5. Sustainability

Consumers are increasingly looking at the carbon footprint of packaging materials recycling, reuse, and recycling before making a purchase. The more sustainable packaging is perceived, the greater its positive effect on sales figures. The packaging design significantly impacts the ease with which it is possible to distinguish the different materials from one another and, consequently, how simple the packaging can be reused and recycled. Making more from less helps conserve resources and makes it easier for the user to manage correctly.

All paper-based packaging goods, such as cardboard boxes, cardboard tubes, paper tape, and paper void fill, may be recycled. For example, paper tape on cardboard boxes.

Also Read: 10 Home-Based Business Ideas To Help You Make Money

Importance of Packaging the Product

Packaging a product in an appropriate way is essential because, 

  • Safeguarding your product and keeping it in good order during transport and storage is important.
  • It can also aid in extending the longevity of your item.
  • It can be used as a promotional tool to draw attention and communicate details about the product.
  • Packaging is a way to reduce theft and petty theft.
  • Packaging may help you comply with legal requirements.
  • Packaging can be reused or recycled, which reduces consumption and also saves resources.
  • Ultimately, the packaging is essential to the customer experience, offering convenience and value.

Moreover, as a product:

1. It must protect the content from damage or deterioration.

2. It should be simple to close, open, and then take out of.

3. It should be safe to make use of.

4. It should be of the proper dimension and shape.

5. It can be reused or sold as scrap.

6. It should be economically priced and sensible.

7. It must be made available in appropriate sizes for the market segment.

Conclusion:

Packaging is crucial due to a variety of reasons. When done properly, the packaging can become a vital factor in your company's performance. In its most fundamental form, packaging safeguards whatever is contained within it. The product's packaging should protect it from damage during transport from the factory to the store and through it's way on the rack.

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FAQs

Q: Explain the significance of packaging in advertising.

Ans:

Packaging is a subfield of advertising in which a company creates a package for its goods that also serves to advertise the brand and facilitates its distribution, sale, and purchase. Is main objective is to ensure the security of the product while in transit and storage.

Q: What is the function of packaging in marketing?

Ans:

It's a vital marketing tool that supports branding, highlights the product's best qualities, and provides a memorable experience for customers. It's an opportunity to take your company and product to the highest stage.

Q: What kind of packing should be used?

Ans:

The usage completely depends on the type of products to be packed. There are three main kinds of packaging: corrugated paper boxes, boxboard or paperboard containers, and paper bags and bags. Corrugated boxes: Corrugated boxes are typically used to transport heavy items like electronic items and appliances such as wine, fruits, and vegetables.

Q: What is the process for packing?

Ans:

The packing process is carried out in the warehouse. It typically comprises selecting appropriate material and the right container for packing the items before weighing the box and adding the appropriate bill or packing slip.

Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.
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Disclaimer :
The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services. Khatabook does not make a guarantee that the service will meet your requirements, or that it will be uninterrupted, timely and secure, and that errors, if any, will be corrected. The material and information contained herein is for general information purposes only. Consult a professional before relying on the information to make any legal, financial or business decisions. Use this information strictly at your own risk. Khatabook will not be liable for any false, inaccurate or incomplete information present on the website. Although every effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this website is updated, relevant and accurate, Khatabook makes no guarantees about the completeness, reliability, accuracy, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, product, services or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Khatabook will not be liable for the website being temporarily unavailable, due to any technical issues or otherwise, beyond its control and for any loss or damage suffered as a result of the use of or access to, or inability to use or access to this website whatsoever.