A ratio is a mathematical comparison of two values. It is used to show how one value compares to another. Ratios can be written in diverse ways, but they all have the same meaning. The most common way to write a ratio is with a colon (:). For example, if there are two girls for every three boys, the ratio of girls to boys can be written as 2:3. This means that for every two girls, there are three boys.
For example, you could use ratios to compare the number of dogs to the number of cats in a shelter, the number of students in a classroom, or the amount of money you have in your bank account.
A company's financial health is indicated by its "current ratio," which is determined by dividing its current assets by its current liabilities. Investors can use the current ratio to evaluate a company's financial health.
Did you know? A current ratio lets a company know if it has enough cash flow to pay its immediate debts and liabilities, should it become necessary
What is the Current Ratio?
The current ratio is a liquidity ratio used to assess a company's capacity to meet short-term obligations. The current ratio is determined by dividing a company's total current assets by its current liabilities. A business with a current ratio of less than 1 runs the risk of going bankrupt since it cannot cover its debts with its assets. Because it has twice as many assets as liabilities, a corporation with a ratio of more than two is considered financially sound.
How Is the Current Ratio Calculated?
This formula is straightforward, simply dividing the company's current assets by the company's current liabilities. The ratio is a key financial metric that provides insight into a company's short-term liquidity. In other words, it tells us whether a company has enough liquid assets to cover its short-term obligations.
- A ratio of less than 1.0 means that a company does not have enough liquid assets to cover its short-term obligations. This is a sign of financial distress.
- A ratio of greater than 1.0 means that a company has enough liquid assets to cover its short-term obligations. This is a sign of financial health. Ideally, you want to see a ratio of 2.0 or higher. This means that the company has twice as many liquid assets as it does short-term obligations.
- The ratio is just one piece of the puzzle, however. It is important to look at other financial metrics to get a complete picture of a company's financials.
Examples of the Current Ratio
A company's current ratio would be 2:1 if it had ₹2 lakh in current assets for every ₹1 lakh in current liabilities. Some examples of companies with a high ratio might include Walmart, Apple, and Amazon. On the other hand, companies with a low ratio might include Ford, GM, and Chrysler.
Benefits of Using the Current Ratio
A few key benefits of using the current ratio make it a valuable tool for financial analysis.
First, the current ratio is a simple calculation that can give you a quick snapshot of a company's overall financial health. This ratio is especially useful in comparing companies within the same industry, as it can help you identify which companies are better at managing their short-term obligations.
The current ratio can be a helpful early-warning sign of potential financial trouble. If a company's current ratio starts to decline, it may indicate that they are having difficulty managing its short-term obligations and could eventually run into liquidity problems. It provides insights into a company's short-term liquidity or ability to pay off its current liabilities with its current assets. This is important because it can give stakeholders an idea of whether the company is in a good financial position. The current ratio can be used to compare a company's financial health to its competitors.
Also Read: Profit and Loss Account & Statement
Limitations of Using the Current Ratio
The current ratio is a popular financial ratio used to assess a company's financial health. However, the current ratio has a few limitations that should be considered when using it as a tool for decision-making.
- The current ratio only looks at a company's current assets and liabilities. It does not consider a company's long-term debt or other long-term obligations. This can be a problem because a company may appear in good financial health based on its current ratio, but it may be in financial trouble if it has a lot of long-term debt that it cannot afford to pay off.
- The current ratio does not consider the quality of a company's assets. For example, a company may have a lot of inventory on its balance sheet, but if that inventory is old and outdated, it may not be worth very much. This can lead to a false sense of security if a company's current ratio is high but its assets are not valuable.
- The current ratio does not consider a company's ability to generate cash flow. A company may have a high current ratio, but it may still be in financial trouble if it is not generating enough cash flow to cover its debts.
- The current ratio is a static measure. This means it does not consider a company's ability to improve its financial situation. For example, a company may have a low current ratio today, but if it is taking steps to reduce its debt and improve its cash flow, its current ratio may improve.
- The current ratio is just one financial ratio and should not be used as the sole basis for decision-making. A company's financial health should be assessed using a variety of ratios and financial measures.
Implications Of Current Ratio
A ratio is a financial ratio that assesses how well a business can cover its current liabilities with its short-term obligations. The current ratio is determined by dividing a company's existing assets by its current liabilities. A corporation does not have enough liquid assets to cover its short-term debts if the ratio is less than 1.0. If the ratio exceeds 1, the business has adequate liquid assets to cover its immediate liabilities.
How Current Ratio Used for Investment
The primary objective of the current ratio is to assess a company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. This ratio is also sometimes referred to as the working capital ratio. To calculate the current ratio, a company's total current assets are divided by its total current liabilities.
The current ratio is a liquidity ratio, which means that it measures a company's ability to pay its short-term obligations with its short-term assets. A high indicates that a company has many liquid assets to cover its short-term liabilities. A low ratio, on the other hand, indicates that a company may have difficulty meeting its short-term obligations.
While the current ratio is a good indicator of a company's liquidity, it is important to remember that it is only one metric and should not be used in isolation. Other factors, such as a company's history of profitability, should also be considered when making investment decisions.
The current ratio is a financial ratio that measures a company's ability to pay its short-term obligations with its existing assets. The current ratio calculates a company's assets by its current liabilities. A company's current ratio is an important indicator of its financial health. A high current ratio indicates that a company can pay its short-term obligations. In contrast, a low current ratio indicates that a company may have difficulty paying its short-term obligations. The current ratio is just one of many financial ratios that can assess a company's financial health.
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